Punjab Current Affairs - 2019
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India has boycotted the events of the Pakistan National Day in protest against the invitation to Hurriyat leaders for the National Day reception being held at New Delhi. India has strongly objected to the direct engagement of Pakistan with Hurriyat representatives who are spearheading a separatists movement in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
Pakistan National Day
Pakistan National Day is celebrated on 23 March in recognition of the passage of the Lahore Declaration on that day in 1940. Lahore Declaration called for the creation of a separate state of Pakistan.
The 1940 Lahore Declaration proposed the creation of an ‘independent state’ based on a predominantly Muslim population. The resolution rejected the proposal of a ‘United India,’ which stood against the division of India, and recommended the creation of a separate state for the Muslims and stated that no constitutional plan will be accepted by the Muslims until geographical units are demarcated.
The resolution demanded a new state Pakistan comprising of Muslims from regions like North-West Frontier Province, Punjab, Bengal, Assam, Sindh, and Baluchistan.
The resolution which is also referred to as the ‘Pakistan Resolution’ holds great significance in Pakistan’s history. Pakistan has also erected a monument ‘Minar-e-Pakistan’ at Lahore to commemorate the famous resolution.
Tags: Assam • Baluchistan. • Bengal • Hurriyat leaders • India-Pakistan • Lahore • Lahore Declaration • Minar-e-Pakistan • North-West Frontier Province • Pakistan • Pakistan National Day • Pakistan Resolution • Punjab • Sindh
President Ram Nath Kovind has approved the appointment of former finance secretary Hasmukh Adhia as the chancellor of Gujarat Central University. He will hold the post for a period of five years.
Hasmukh Adhia was a Gujarat cadre IAS officer and was appointed as the secretary in the Department of Financial Services after then Chief Minister of Gujarat Narendra Modi took charge as the Prime Minister in 2014.
Central Universities were established in India under the Central Universities Act 2009. The Act provided for the establishment of one new central university each in Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.
The act also sought to convert Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyala in Chhattisgarh, Harisingh Gour Vishwavidhalaya in Sagar (Madhya Pradesh) and Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University in Uttarakhand into Central universities.
The Central Universities were established by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development to address regional imbalances in higher educational facilities in states and 16 states were identified for the establishment of central universities.
Further, through the Central universities Amendment Act 2014 another central university was established at Bihar and another Central University was established in Andhra Pradesh in 2018.
Tags: Andhra Pradesh • Bihar • Central Universities Act 2009 • Chhattisgarh • Gujarat • Gujarat Central University • Haryana • Hasmukh Adhia • Himachal Pradesh • Jammu and Kashmir • Jharkhand • Karnataka • Kerala • Madhya Pradesh • Ministry of Human Resource and Development • Odisha • Punjab • Rajasthan • Tamil Nadu • Uttarakhand