Punjab National Bank (PNB) Current Affairs - 2019

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RBI to designated six bas as Systemically Important Banks (SIBs)

The Reserve Bank of India will designate at least six banks as Systemically Important Banks (SIBs), for the domestic financial market which will need to have higher capital than other banks to prevent the financial system from collapsing in the event of a crisis. The central bank would now work on identifying these banks which are too big to fail and would release a list of names in August 2015.

As per experts, the list may include State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, Citibank, Standard Chartered Bank, ICICI Bank and HDFC Bank. Banks classified under SIB category will have to set aside more capital per loan than their peers. Size, interconnectedness, lack of readily available substitutes or financial institution infrastructure and complexity will determine the systemic importance of banks as determined by Basel global standards. But, as per RBI, in India, size would be given higher weightage than other factors.

Based on the category it is relegated, a bank will have has to set aside 0.2% to 0.8% of the loan as capital buffer. In simpler terms, if a bank was setting aside Rs 1 earlier, it would now have to set aside between Rs 1.20 and Rs 1.80. As per RBI, banks having a size beyond 2% of GDP will be selected in the sample. However banks whose size is less than 2% of GDP may also face rigorous norms. After the 2008 credit crisis, banking regulators across the globe are tightening capital norms for banks and other key financial institutions.

RuPay, India’s indigenous card payment network launched

Screenshot_1Rupay, India’s own payment gateway was launched to compete with networks such as Visa and Mastercard. The indigenous network will work on ATMs and merchant outlets and help in bringing down cash transactions.

The RuPay is a blend of two terms — ‘Rupee’ and ‘Payment’. It has been developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) and is being used by certain banks such as ICICI, State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, among others, for clearing and settlement. The RuPay, which works on three channels — ATMs, Point of Sales (PoS) and online sales, is the seventh such payment gateway in the world. A variant of the pre-paid RuPay card would be launched by IRCTC soon, which will help in booking railway tickets.

Benefits of RuPay platform:

  • Reduce the transaction cost
  • Support creation of more domestic products
  • Reach the unbanked sections
  • Reducing number of cash transactions
  • Availability at a cost much less than those of international cards