Punjab [PPSC] Current Affairs - 2020

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Hasmukh Adhia Appointed as Chancellor of Gujarat Central University

President Ram Nath Kovind has approved the appointment of former finance secretary Hasmukh Adhia as the chancellor of Gujarat Central University. He will hold the post for a period of five years.

Hasmukh Adhia was a Gujarat cadre IAS officer and was appointed as the secretary in the Department of Financial Services after then Chief Minister of Gujarat Narendra Modi took charge as the Prime Minister in 2014.

Central University

Central Universities were established in India under the Central Universities Act 2009. The Act provided for the establishment of one new central university each in Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu.

The act also sought to convert  Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyala in Chhattisgarh, Harisingh Gour Vishwavidhalaya in Sagar (Madhya Pradesh) and Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University in Uttarakhand into Central universities.

The Central Universities were established by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development to address regional imbalances in higher educational facilities in states and 16 states were identified for the establishment of central universities.

Further, through the Central universities Amendment Act 2014 another central university was established at Bihar and another Central University was established in Andhra Pradesh in 2018.

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India to stop its share of water flowing into Pakistan

The Minister of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Nitin Gadkari has said that India would fully utilise its share of unused water from rivers Ravi, Beas and Sutlej that has been flowing into Pakistan. The comment was made by the Minister in the backdrop of the Pulwama Terror attack which took the life of 40 CRPF soldiers.

The step towards utilising the share of India under the Indus water treaty is in the line of the steps taken by the government to corner and pressurise Pakistan to act against the perpetrators of terrorism operating from Pakistan. Earlier India had taken steps like withdrawal of MNF status to Pakistan and had increased the customs duties on imports from Pakistan.

Utilisation of Full Share

To utilise its full share of water, India would divert the water from the eastern rivers (Ravi, Beas and Sutlej) to the border states of Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir.

India has initiated the construction of a dam on the Ravi river, the Shahpur-Kandi project in Punjab.

The Ujh project Multipurpose Project in Kathua district would store water for use in Jammu and Kashmir. River Ujh is the main tributary of river Ravi. The balance water would flow through 2nd Ravi-BEAS Link to provide water to other basin states.

The government would also fast-track these dam constructions to block the unutilised water through three projects at Shahpur-Kandi and a second Sutlej-Beas link in Punjab and the Ujh dam in Jammu and Kashmir.

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