quarantine Current Affairs - 2020

ICAR prepared fisheries guidelines become part of FAO

On May 7, 2020, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) released advisories to fisheries sector in 12 languages. Apart from Hindi and English, advisories were issued in 10 regional languages.

Highlights

The advisories were prepared and issued by ICAR-CIFRI (Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute), Barrackpore. It included rivers, reservoirs, estuaries, wetlands and reservoirs. Apart from these, capture fisheries were also included.

FAO Global Guidelines

The advisories for fisheries sector have become part of FAO global guidelines. The Food and Agriculture Organization has recommended the advisories prepared by the council for the region of Asia and its initiatives. The guidelines have been made voluntary guidelines for securing Sustainable small-scale fisheries.

Need

The advisories come as the fish workers, processors, fishermen and their communities face threats of pandemic. This has been affecting their livelihoods and value chains.

How is COVID-19 affecting Fisheries sector?

The fishing activity has come to a halt. This was mainly because of labour shortage, limited supplies of ice, gear and bait. As the markets are closed because of lock down the fish farmers are not able to sell their harvest. The export species are equally affected. The fisheries sector has also received major blow from the closure of food services especially, the hotels and restaurants operating in tourism sector.

Successful Measures in India

  • Time Auction System adopted in Kerala had been a huge hit.
  • Large scale mechanized boats have been banned in India. However, small beach landing boats are allowed to help in food security needs of the fishermen.
  • Around 75,000 fishermen are still staying in the sea. They are kept in the sea to ensure their safety. In Gujarat, around 15,000 trawlers have been anchored to keep the fishermen safe. They are said to be under sea quarantine.

Vandhe Bharat Mission: The Biggest Evacuation Exercise begins

On May 7, 2020, the Government of India is to begin “Vandhe Bharat Mission”. The mission is considered as one of the biggest evacuation exercise.

Highlights

The Vandhe Bharat Mission aims at bringing stranded Indians from all over the world. More than 14,800 Indians are stranded abroad. The mission also aims at operating non-scheduled commercial flights. These commercial flights will carry people to London and Singapore and also selected places in USA.

The flights are being operated based on the Standard of Procedure issued by Ministry of Home Affairs.

Operating Procedure of the mission

Under the mission, the people evacuated are to compulsorily download “Arogya Setu” application. After returning to India, these people are to be kept under quarantine for 14 days.

During evacuation, people facing medical emergencies, pregnant women, students, elderly people are to be given priority. Also, the mission is conduct medical screening before the flights. Among them, only asymptomatic patients are alone allowed to board the flight.

The flights will fly from key cities of India such as Delhi, Hyderabad, Chennai, Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Bengaluru.

History

The entire Vandhe Bharat Mission is to be led by Air India. The Air India in 1990 had conducted similar mission. During the mission, around 111,711 Indians were air lifted from the Gulf after Iraq invaded Kuwait.