Railway Modernisation Current Affairs - 2020

Railway Stations to be classified on Waste Water Output

The CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) is to classify railway stations based on the quantity of waste water generated by them and also based on the disposal of untreated water that are drained into the municipal drain systems.


The Railway Stations that are generating waste water equal to or more than 100 kilo litres per day are to be classified as red stations. The stations that are generating waste water greater than 10 kilo litres per day are to be classified under the category of orange. The stations that are generating less than 10 kilo litres of waste water per day are to be put in the category of Green.


The categorization has been done under the provisions of Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. The main objectives of the act are to control, prevent and abate water pollution. It assesses pollution level and punishes polluters.

The act also provides provisions to constitute central and state boards to prevent water pollution, discharge sewage or trade effluents.

First 12,000 HP Electric Loco operationalized by Indian Railways

On May 19, 2020, the Indian Railways operationalized the first 12,000 HP electric locomotive. The locomotive was built by the French Alstom Company under the Make in India initiative.


The locomotive was manufactured at the Madhepura Electric Locomotive in Bihar. It is capable of hauling 6000 tonnes at a top speed of 120 km/hr.

The locomotive was manufactured as a joint venture between the Indian and French share holding of 74% and 26%.

With this, India has become the sixth country in the world to produce high horse power locomotive.

About the Project

Under the Indo-French project, around 4 locomotives were to be delivered in 2018, 35 in 2019-20, 60 in 2020-21 and 100 every year till the end of 11-year long delivery. The project is considered as the largest FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) in the railways sector.

It is to be noted that Indian Railways also signed an agreement with the American Conglomerate General Electric to supply 1000 diesel locomotive for a period of 11 years.