Rajasthan Government Current Affairs - 2019
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The World Health Organisation (WHO) awarded Rajasthan government’s Medical & Health Department its Tobacco Control Award for year 2019 in recognition of Rajasthan’s achievements in the field of tobacco control.
- The Award was conferred by WHO on occasion of World No Tobacco Day (celebrated on 31 May 2019) at a function in New Delhi.
- Background: Every year WHO recognizes various individuals and institutions worldwide and in each of six WHO regions for their accomplishments in area of tobacco control. For this year’s prestigious award WHO selected total 33 institutions and individuals across world including five organisations from the South-East Asian (SEA) region viz. India, Thailand and Indonesia. The two institutes selected from India (in SEA region) includes Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute (in New Delhi) and Rajasthan’s Health Department.
- Rajathan’s Medical and Health Department was the only government body in country which was awarded for its tobacco-free initiatives.
Rajasthan’s Tobacco Campaigns
- During year 2018-19, Rajasthan’s Medical & Health Department launched several campaigns against tobacco consumption at places like schools, colleges, police stations and government offices.
- Pledge Initiative: On 30 January 2019 which marks the Martyrs’ Day (or Sarvodaya Day), state government undertook tobacco-free initiatives in which 1.13 crore people took pledge against tobacco consumption at events held in 1.56 lakh government institutions and people were also made aware about ill-effects of tobacco consumption.
- Tobacco Free Premises Initiative: Health Department in coordination with other departments has developed tobacco-free premises near anganwadi centres, educational institutions and health facilities to ensure that no tobacco product is sold within 100 yards of these places.
- Way Ahead: As Department’s efforts for tobacco control is now acknowledged internationally thus State government must affirm that it would keep striving to accomplish the goal of a “healthy Rajasthan”.
Tags: Healthy Rajasthan • Martyrs Day • Rajasthan Government • Rajasthan Medical & Health Department • Sarvodaya Day • Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute • WHO Award for Tobacco Control • World No Tobacco Day
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly Election, 2018 was held on 7 December 2018 in a single phase. The election resulted in win of Indian National Congress and consequently, senior congress leader Ashok Gehlot was selected to be Chief Minister of the state. Some exam oriented questions & answers:
Structure of Legislature of Rajasthan
Rajasthan has a unicameral legislature and thus has only one house called Vidhan Sabha or Legislative Assembly, located in Jaipur, the state capital.
Unicameral and Bicameral Houses
At present, most Indian states have unicameral legislatures. Only seven states viz. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh have bicameral legislature with one house being Legislative Assembly and other house being Legislative Council. Legislative Assembly is the lower or popular house while legislative council is the upper house.
The current strength of Rajasthan Assembly is 200 members. To form a government, a party or coalition needs 101 seats in the house.
Current composition of Rajasthan Assembly
The recent election was held for 199 seats of the state (1 seat is for nomination by Governor). The seat composition is as follows:
Past Chief Ministers
Since 1949, 14 people have served as Chief Minister of Rajasthan. Some important facts are as follows:
- The first chief minister of Rajasthan was Heera Lal Shastri, who remained in office from 1949 to 1951.
- The longest serving chief minister of Rajasthan was Mohan Lal Sukhadia who remained in office from 1954 to 1971 except a brief period of President Rule in between.
- Vasundhara Raje Scindia is the first and only female chief minister of Rajasthan.
Current Chief Minister – Ashok Gehlot
Ashok Gehlot has recently become the chief minister of the state for third time. He entered into politics in early 1970s and has been active in both centre and state politics. He served as Union Minister in Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi as well as Narsimharao governments. His first term as Rajasthan CM was from 1998 to 2003, while second term was from 2008 to 2013. Currently, he represents Sardarpura constituency.
Deputy Chief Minister – Sachin Pilot
Sachin Pilot was member of 15th Lok Sabha representing the Ajmer constituency. He has also served as Minister of Corporate Affairs UPA-II government under Manmohan Singh. At present, he is the President of the Rajasthan Pradesh Congress Committee. He has been selected to be deputy chief minister of the state for the first time.