Rajya Sabha Current Affairs - 2020

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Santhali used in Rajya Sabha for the first time

On December 6, 2019, MP Sarojni Hembram from Odisha for the first time spoke in a tribal language called Santhali. She raised the matter of public importance during the zero hour. Also, Srimati Sarojini demanded Bharat Ratna for Pundit Raghunath Murmu, the Santhali scholar who introduced Ol Chiki script for the language in 1925.

Santhali Language

The language is predominantly spoken by the North Mundari Group of the Austroasiatic-Munda family. The language is spoken in parts of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Assam, Odisha and also in Nepal and Bangladesh. The Ol Chiki script for the language was created by Raghunath Murmu in 1925.

Schedule 8 of the Constitution

Santhali language was included in the Schedule 8 of the constitution through the 92nd Constitutional Amendment act, 2003. Along with the language, 3 other languages were included namely Maithili, Bodo, Dori.

In 2017, Shika Mandi became the first Indian to host a show in Santhali language.

Santal Tribes

The Santals are the third largest tribal group in India. They are called Horhopon ko (Sons of Man), Hor Ko or Manjhi. They are classified as Scheduled Tribes in the states of Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal but not in Assam.

In 1855, they protested widely for their mistreatment by the landlords, traders and money lenders. It was called the Santal Rebellion.

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CIC Annual Report tabled in Lok Sabha

The Central Information Commission tabled its annual report for the year 2018-19 in Lok Sabha on 20th November, 2019. The same report was also tabled in Rajya Sabha on 21st November, 2019.

Highlights of the report

The report said that in the year 2018-19, around 13.70 lakh applications were received by the Central Public Authorities of the commission. It says that the numbers are 11% more than the previous year 2017-18.

Out of applications received, only 4.7% were processed by the commission. This has come down from 5.13% as compared to the previous year 2017-18.

The highest number of applications were rejected by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. It has rejected 26.5%. It was followed by the Ministry of Home Affairs that rejected 16.41%.

In the period 2018-19, the CIC disposed around 17,188 second appeals and complaint cases.

Central Information Commission

The commission was set up under Right to Information Act in 2005. There are 10 Information Commissioners and one Chief Information Commissioner. The commissioners are appointed by the President of India. The President appoints the commissioners based on the recommendation of a committee. The committee consists of Prime Minister, the opposition leader and a cabinet minister nominated by the prime minister.

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