Rajya Sabha Current Affairs - 2019
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Parliament has passed Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Bill, 2015. It was first passed in Lok Sabha on 4 March 2015 and later in Rajya Sabha on 20 March 2015.
This bill will replace the Coal Mines (Special Provisions) second ordinance, 2014.
Key highlights of Bill
- The bill has provisions for allocation of coal mines through a transparent bidding process i.e e-auction.
- The e-auction of coal blocks will ensure the continuity in coal mining operations and promoting optimum utilization of coal resources.
- The bill also facilitate e-auction of coal blocks for private companies for captive use and allot mines directly to state and central Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs).
- It has provisions that propose strong measures for rehabilitation and compensation for displaced persons.
- The bill also provides for vesting of the right, title and interest over the land and mine infrastructure together with mining leases to successful bidders.
Parliament has passed Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Orders Amendment Bill, 2015.
The bill was first passed in Rajya Sabha on February 24, 2015 and later in Lok Sabha on March 17, 2015. It was unanimously passed by a voice vote in both the houses.
The bill seeks to modify the list of Scheduled Castes in three states- Haryana, Karnataka, Odisha and one Union Territory- Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
The Bill amends the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 and the Constitution (Dadra and Nagar Haveli) Scheduled Castes Order, 1962.
The Bill adds the following communities to the list of Scheduled Castes:
- Haryana: Kabirpanthi, Julaha.
- Karnataka: Bhovi, od, odde, Vaddar, Waddar.
- Odisha: Dhoba, Dhobi, Dom, Dombo, Duria Dom, Katia, Kela, Nalua Kela, Khadala and Turi.
- Dadra and Nagar Haveli: Chamar.
The bill was introduced in Parliament as per the provisions of Article 341 of the Constitution. Article 341 empowers Parliament to include or exclude castes from the list of Scheduled Castes in the notification. It also empowers the President to specify castes which will be deemed as Scheduled Castes through a notification.