Rajya Sabha Current Affairs - 2020

Former Rajya Sabha member and veteran journalist Patil Puttappa passes away

On March 17, 2020, the veteran journalist and Rajya Sabha member Patil Puttappa passed away at the Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS). He died due to age related ailments.

About Patil Puttappa

Puttappa represented the state of Karnataka for two terms. He was a hardcore Kannada activist, popular writer and a journalist. He was the founder and editor of the weekly magazine “Prapancha”. He actively participated in the freedom struggle. He was also the president of Kannada Watchdog Committee. He was also the founder president of Border Advisory Committee. He was fondly called “Papu”.

Contribution to Literature

Puttappa has authored several Kannada language books such as Kavi Lekhakaru, Neevu Nagabeku,, Karnataka Sangeetha Kalaratnaru, etc.

Awards

The Legend has also received several awards. It includes Nadoja award, Wooday award and Nrupatunga award.

Freedom fights and unification of Kannadigas

At the time of independence Puttappa was in the forefront demanding unification of areas of Kannadigas. Kannadigas are the group of people who speak the language of Kannada. There are several places that project the claim of Kannadigas over the land. Some of them are included in UNESCO World Heritage sites as well. Some of such UNESCO World Heritage sites are Ellora caves, Ajanta caves, elephanta caves, Konark sun temple, etc.

Ranjan Gogoi, the former Chief Justice of India nominated to Rajya Sabha by the President

On March 16, 2020, the President of India Ramnath Kovind nominated the former Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi to Rajya Sabha. The former chief justice retired in November, 2019.

Article 80-Clause (3)

Under Clause (3) of article 80, the President has powers to nominate persons with special knowledge to the council of states. Such person shall have special knowledge in science, art, literature and social service.

What is council of states?

Rajya Sabha is called the council of states. The Council of states of defined by Article 80 of the constitution. The council of states consists of 12 members that are nominated by the President of India.

Other Clauses of Article 80

Apart from 12 members nominated by the president, the council of states also consists of representative from the states. These representatives should not exceed more than 280 in numbers from the states and union territories.

The representatives are elected by the members of legislative assembly in the state.

History

During British rule, the Council of State was the upper house of the legislature of British India. It was created under Government of India Act, 1919. The Viceroy or Governor General was the ex officio President of the council.

The Government of India act, 1919 implemented Montagu-Chelmsford reforms.

Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms

The reforms formed two houses namely Central legislative assembly and council of states. Also, the reforms introduced dual government system or dyarchy. The number of Indians in the Executive Council of Viceroy was increased from 3 to 8. A council of princes were set up. The Governor General was given powers to prorogue, summon and dissolve chambers and promulgate ordinances.