Rajya Sabha Current Affairs - 2020

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Rajya Sabha passes Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Bill, 2012

Rajya Sabha passed Registration of Births and Deaths (Amendment) Bill, 2012.  According to the Bill, marriages held in India irrespective of the religion of the persons getting married will have to be necessarily registered.

Through this bill the Union government is providing a platform to the states which are free to frame their own rules in agreement with their requirements. The government does not favour compulsory registration in cases of live-in relations.

The Bill is introduced to protect the women from unnecessary harassment in matrimonial and maintenance cases. It also seeks to provide evidentiary value in the matters of custody of children, right of children born from the wedlock of the two persons whose marriage is registered and the age of the parties to the marriage.

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Wildlife Protection Amendment Bill 2013 introduced in Rajya Sabha

The Environment and Forests Ministry introduced in the Rajya Sabha major amendments to the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 that seek heavier penalties to check wildlife-related crimes and aim to make Indian laws consistent with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild flora and fauna (CITES).

Salient features of the Wildlife Protection Amendment Bill 2013:
  • The amended legislation aims to ban the use of animal traps except under certain conditions.
  • It also looks forward to engage gram sabhas and gram panchayats in management of protected areas, and to grant hunting rights to hunter-gatherer Scheduled Tribes of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Hunting in national parks and sanctuaries or the alteration of their boundaries should be punished with 5 to 7 years in jail and fine of Rs 5 to 25 lakh as compared to the previous 3 to 7 years in jail and Rs 10,000 fine.
  • The punishment would be 7 years in prison and Rs 30 lakh fine for repeat offenders compared to the previous 3 to 7 years of imprisonment and Rs 25,000 fine now.
  • The amendments are strict against crimes related to sale, purchase and transfer of animals, their parts or products listed in various schedules.

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