Ram Janmabhoomi Current Affairs - 2020

Ayodhya Verdict

The Supreme Court on November 9, 2019 pronounced its judgement on Ayodhya Ram Janma Bhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case. The security arrangements were tightened across the country before the pronouncement of the verdict. Section 144 was imposed in UP, Delhi and other states. Also schools and educational institutions were closed for the safety of the students.

SC verdict

Supreme Court cleared way for the construction of Ram Temple in the disputed 5-acre land. The court said that the Hindu side established their arguments that they possessed the outer courtyard. The Muslim side failed to prove the possession. It directed the center to allot 5-acre land to the Sunni Waqf Board for the construction of a mosque.

The verdict was pronounced by a 5 judge bench headed by the Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi. The bench also comprised of justices Ashok Bhushan, S A Bobde, D Y Chandrachud and S Abdul Nazeer. In a verdict 5-0, all the justices stood unanimous.

Timeline of Ayodhya Land Dispute

  • 1885: First Suit filed by Mahanth Raghubar Das to construct Ram Temple in Ayodhya.
  • 1949: Idols of Lord Ram found in side Babri Masjid.
  • Between 1950 and  1990 5 other suits were filed both by Hindu and Muslim religious organizations
  • 1992: Babri Masjid was demolished by dozens of right-wing activists.
  • 2010: The Allahabad High Court pronounced a judgement that divided the disputed land among three litigants namely Nirmohi Akhara, Sunni Waqf Board and Ram Lalla.


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SC Proposes Mediation Panel for Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid Land Dispute Case

The Supreme Court has proposed a court-monitored mediation in the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case to arrive at a permanent solution to the politically and religiously sensitive issue.

The mediation panel consists of three members. Justice Kalifullah, Retired judge of the Supreme Court will chair the court-appointed and monitored mediation process and the other two members are spiritual leader Sri Sri Ravi Shankar and senior advocate Sriram Panchu.

The mediation panel will hold the proceedings at Faizabad ensuring full confidentiality. The mediation process is expected to start in a week. The status report of the mediation committee will have to be completed in four weeks with 8 weeks deadline to conclude the hearing.

What is the dispute?

The Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi case is a property dispute over the land where the Babri Masjid, a 16th-century mosque once stood. The mosque was razed by kar sevaks on 6 December 1992.

The Hindu groups claim that the exact site of Lord Ram’s birthplace is where the Babri Masjid was once located. They argue that the Mughals demolished a Hindu shrine that marked the spot of Lord Ram’s birthplace and constructed a mosque in its place. Those oppose to this view argue that such arguments arose only in the 18th century, and that there is no evidence for the spot being the birthplace of Rama.

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