RBI Current Affairs - 2020

RBI creates Payment Infrastructure Development Fund

On June 5, 2020, the Reserve Bank of India created Payment Infrastructure Development Fund of Rs 500 crores.

Highlights

The apex bank has made an initial contribution of Rs 250 crores towards the funds. The rest of the fund is to come through the card issuing banks. The fund has been created to increase point of sale infrastructure and other digital payment infrastructure in the country. The funds are being allocated in line with the measures proposed in the vision document on payment and settlement systems in India 2019-21.

About the funds

The funds are to be governed through an advisory council. However, the funds will be administered and managed by RBI.

Vision Document

The Vision Document on Payment and Settlement Systems in India 2019-21 had envisaged the use of debit cards at Point of Sale transactions which is around 44% of total debit card transactions by 2021. The vision document estimated that by 2021, there will be around 5 million active Point of Sale.

Other Measures

The RBI also has plans and had suggested about Acceptance Development Fund. These funds are to be used to develop card acceptance infrastructure in cities and towns.

Monetary Policy Committee meets: Repo rate reduces to 4%

On May 22, 2020, the policy committee met in an emergency meeting to review the current economic outlook and impacts of COVID-19.

Highlights

The RBI has reduced the repo rate from 4.4% to 4%. It has reduced the reverse repo rate to 3.35%. The RBI also announced that the reduction in policy rate is to be provided as long as the economic growth in the country is to be mitigated.

Current Economic Scenario

The global trade is declining and the world is heading towards recession. The Indian Economic growth is also slowing down to a great extent in spite of GoI trying to infuse liquidity in to the market. The top six industrialized states that account to 60% of industrial production in the country now falls in red zone. This will affect India’s growth further as economic activities in red zones are not being operationalized to its fullest.

Challenges

The rural and urban demand has been falling down. The manufacturing activity in the country has fallen down by 21% post COVID-19. Also, the output from core industries has fell by 6.5%.

Measures of RBI

RBI has announced 4 major economic measures to boost the economy. This includes measures to improve functioning of markets, measures to ease financial stress, measures to support exports and imports and measures to ease financial constraints faced by the state governments.

The measures are as follows

  • RBI will provide another 90-day extension to offer loan facilities.
  • Rs 15,000 crore line of credit allocated to EXIM banks
  • RBI has increased export credit period from 12 months to 15 months.
  • The term loan moratium has been extended till August 31.
  • The group exposure limit of the banks has increased from 25% to 30%.
  • The rules of Consolidated Sinking Funds have been relaxed. This will enable states to meet 45% of redemption of their market borrowing.