Recep Tayyip Erdogan Current Affairs - 2019
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The 57-member Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) held extraordinary summit in Istanbul, Turkey to discuss recent Israeli violence against Palestinian protesters in Gaza Strip. The summit was convened at the invitation of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. It condemned massacre of Peaceful Palestinian civilian protestors by the Israeli forces as well as on the official opening of US Embassy in Jerusalem in defiance of international law, UN Security Council (UNSC) and General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution.
Recently violent protests were held in Gaza which coincided with Israel’s 70th anniversary – an event Palestinians refer to as Nakba or “Catastrophe” and relocation of the US Embassy to Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. In these protests more than 100 palestinian protesters were killed by Israeli security forces deployed along the other side of the border. Turkey had responded to the violence by asking Israeli ambassador to leave the country, while also recalling its ambassadors to US and Israel for consultations.
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
OIC is international organization that aims to provide collective voice to Muslim world and safeguard and protect interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony. It was established in 1969 and has administrative centre (headquarters) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
OIC consists of 57 member states spread over four continents with collective population of over 1.3 billion as of 2009 with 47 countries being Muslim Majority countries. It has permanent delegations to United Nations and the European Union. Its official languages are Arabic, English, and French. It is second largest inter-governmental organization after UN.
Issues with India: In this organisation, India is a blocked country, though it second largest country (after Indonesia) in terms of Muslim population (It has about 12% of the world’s Muslim population). India has been blocked by Pakistan from joining the OIC over Kashmir issue. OIC regard parts of Kashmir as “occupied by India”.
Turkey has declared three-month state of emergency after a failed military coup to overthrow the democratically elected government.
Announcement in this regard was taken by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan after a meeting with Cabinet ministers and top security advisers in Ankara.
Three-month state of emergency was declared as measure to counter threats to Turkish democracy. The emergency allows officials to set curfews, issue search and arrests warrants and restrict gatherings.
2016 military coup in Turkey
- The 2016 military coup in Turkey was attempted against the ruling Justice and Development Party Government led by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. However it failed to overthrow ruling democratically elected government and ended one day later.
- The coup was carried out by a faction within the Turkish Armed Forces under a council calling itself the Peace at Home Council. It had attempted to seize control of several key places in Istanbul, Ankara and elsewhere across the Turkey.
- It is said that the coup to overthrow government was undertaken due eroding secularism, human rights, democracy and international reputation of Turkey under the current government.
- The forces loyal to President Erdogan toppled the coup and took control of military factions that tried to overthrow Turkey’s democratically government and military leadership with military rule.
- The Turkish Government has blamed soldiers linked to the Gülen movement—a group designated as a terrorist organization led by Fethullah Gülen were behind the coup.
- However, Fethullah Gülen has condemned the coup and denied any involvement.
Earlier in 1987, Turkey had imposed martial law-like emergency rule in the southeast of the country and was gradually lifted by 2002. It had allowed officials to set curfews, issue search and arrest warrants and restrict gatherings as the security forces fought Kurdish rebels in the region.