Refugee Crisis Current Affairs - 2020

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Geneva to host first Global Refugee Forum

The first ever Global Refugee Forum is being held in Geneva, Switzerland from 17-18 December 2019. It is being jointly hosted by United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) along with Government of Switzerland. At GRF the international community will showcase and exchange good practices at national, regional or global levels.

About Global Refugee Forum 2019

Objective: To give impetus to efforts to achieve compact’s objectives and translate international solidarity into concrete action.

Six Thematic Areas on which First Global Refugee Forum will focus: Arrangements for burden and responsibility-sharing, Solutions, Energy and Infrastructure, Protection Capacity, Jobs and Livelihoods and Education.

A successful GRF will see more states and other actors joining the response to refugee situation as donors, hosts and partners. GRF also hopes to enlist the ‘missing middle’- that is, those states that could either contribute more or host more refugees.

Participants: GRF will be convened at the ministerial level and participants will gather to address current refugee situation. It will be a high-level gathering of states and other stakeholders including UN member states, together with private businesses, nonprofits and nongovernmental organisations (including Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS)). High-level delegations from co-host Switzerland and from co-convening countries Germany, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Turkey and Pakistan as well as UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres are scheduled to attend forum.

Background

This first ever Global Refugee Forum meeting practical implementation of the 2018 Global Compact on Refugees (GCR)– which is a framework that represents political will and ambition of international community as a whole for strengthened cooperation and solidarity with refugees as well as affected host countries. United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) affirmed the Global Compact on Refugees in New York in December 2018. GCR seeks to improve world’s response to refugee situations by ensuring that refugees and nations hosting them receive the support they need.

Four objectives of GCR:

  • Share responsibilities more equitably
  • Enhance refugee self-reliance
  • Expand access to third-country solutions (i.e., permanent resettlement or other opportunities such as scholarships or work permits)
  • Support conditions in countries of origin for safe, voluntary, dignified repatriation

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June 20: World Refugee Day

The World Refugee Day is observed every year June 20 to raise awareness of the situation of refugees throughout the world. Observance of this day seeks to draw attention to the plight of refugees and also to celebrate their courage and resilience and renew commitment to solve refugee problems. The theme for World Refugee Day 2018 is “Now More Than Ever, We Need to Stand with Refugees.”

Refugees

United Nations 1951 Refugee Convention, defines refugees as those who have fled their country owing to well-founded fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in particular social group or political opinion. UN has revealed that record high of 68.5 million individuals have now been displaced worldwide due to war, poverty, persecution and other events.

Key Facts

On this day, United Nations Refugee Agency (UNRA) also known as United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) hosts various events and announces theme for its campaign. With this, UNRA seeks to draw public’s attention to the millions of refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide who have fled their homes forcefully due to war, conflict and persecution.

Background

The World Refugee Day was proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) h by passing Resolution 55/76 on 4 December 2000. The resolution was passed to mark 50th anniversary of UN Refugee Convention, 1951. Since then it is observed annually with different themes. Prior to passing of this resolution in 2000, African Refugee Day was formally celebrated on 20 June in several countries especially by Organization of African Unity (OAU) member states. The theme for year 2017 was “Embracing Refugees to Celebrate our Common Humanity”.

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