Religion Current Affairs - 2020

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Foundation stone laid for Kartarpur Sahib corridor in Gurdaspur

Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu laid foundation stone for construction of Kartarpur Sahib corridor on Indian side at Mann village in Gurdaspur district, Punjab. The corridor will provide visa free passage to Indian Sikh pilgrims to visit holy site of Gurudwara Darbar Sahib at Kartarpur in Pakistan.

Gurudwara Darbar Sahib

It is 16th century Gurdwara located on the banks of the river Ravi in Shakargarh in Narowal district of Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located about 3 to 4km from Indo-Pak border in Pakistan in Punjab. This gurudwara was established by the first Sikh Guru in 1522. It is important for Sikhs as Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism and its first guru had assembled Sikh community and lived for 18 years until his death in 1539.

Kartarpur Corridor

It will road link that will connect India’s border district of Gurdaspur with historic Gurudwara Darbar Sahib in Pakistan. It purpose to let Sikh pilgrims visit holy shrine without visa and to help them walk across and come back without having to secure visa.

Indian side of corridor will start from Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district and extends upto International border between India and Pakistan. The corridor will be developed by National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) and will be funded by the Union Government.

The project corridor is 4 lanes with service road and will encompass all other appropriate amenities needed by pilgrims while visiting the Gurudwara Darbar Sahib in Pakistan. It will help to boost tourism and people to people contact between both countries as more pilgrims will visit holy shrine throughout the year between two countries.

Background

India had first proposed Kartarpur Sahib corridor in 1999 when then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee took bus ride to Lahore. Recently this year Pakistan had decided to revive this proposal and built corridor on side. Union Government had decided to build this corridor upto international border between India and Pakistan as integrated development project to mark 550th birth anniversary of the Guru Nanak Dev Ji in 2019.

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Constitution Day celebrated on 26th November to mark 69th anniversary of adoption of Constitution

The Constitution Day of India (or Samvidhan Diwas) is observed every year on 26th November to mark the anniversary of adoption of Constitution and also spread awareness of Indian Constitution. On this day in 1949, constitution of India was adopted and came into force on January 26, 1950. Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJE) is nodal Ministry for the celebration of Constitution Day. This year it was third edition of the Constitution Day (69th anniversary of adoption of Constitution) after it was instituted in October 2015 as part of year-long nationwide celebrations of 125th birth Anniversary of Dr. B R Ambedkar, Chairman of the Drafting Committee of Constituent Assembly.

Some facts about Indian Constitution

Indian Constitution is supreme law of India, which lays down framework that defines political principles, establishes structure, procedures, powers and duties of Government institution. It is core legal document which has nearly 448 articles or provisions in 25 parts, 12 schedules. It is living fundamental document which makes the government system work effectively. It lists out fundamental rights of citizens, duties, role of the government, powers of prime minister, president, governor and chief minister, interaction between the government and its citizens and defines how the federal structure of the country will be maintained. It also defines the powers of the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The key feature of the Constitution is separation of powers while keeping a check on each arm of the government. Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world. It signifies the sovereignty of the people. Its drafters had borrowed concepts and ideas from the Constitutions of UK, US, Germany, Ireland, Australia, Canada and Japan. Dr BR Ambedkar is regarded as the father of the Indian Constitution.

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