remote sensing Current Affairs - 2020

Uttar Pradesh-First State to Geo Tag Community Kitchens

On April 19, 2020, Uttar Pradesh became the first state to geotag community kitchens. Around 7,368 community kitchens located in 75 districts were geo tagged.

Highlights

The State Government of Uttar Pradesh joined hands with Google to geo tag community kitchens in the state. The kitchens produce 12 lakh food packets per day.

The State Government mobilized state resources on massive scale to establish the kitchens. This was done through religious organizations and non-governmental organizations.

What is the issue?

The main problem faced by the state was influx of migrants. Also, there was lack of information among the population. They were unaware of the location of community kitchens and shelter homes.

Application

An application has been developed by the Remote Sensing Application Centre (RSAC) to learn about the location of the community kitchens. The application was developed by feeding data of the latitudes and longitudes of the community kitchen. Apart from this, Google will also provide the location of these centres in its application.

ISRO postpones launch of Chandrayaan-2 mission

The Indian Space and Research Organisation (ISRO) has postponed launch of India’s second lunar mission ‘Chandrayaan-2’ from April 2018 to October-November 2018 as experts have suggested more tests. It will be launched on board of Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk III (GSLV-F10).

Chandrayaan 2

Chandrayaan 2 is India’s second mission to Moon and is advanced version of previous Chandrayaan-1 mission (launched in 2008). It has been developed indigenously by ISRO. It consists of Orbiter, Lander and Rover configuration. In this mission, ISRO will for first time attempt to land a rover on moon’s south pole.

The spacecraft (orbiter) weighs around 3,290 kg and it will orbit around moon and perform objectives of remote sensing moon. Once GSLV-F10 putspacecraft in 170 km x 20,000 km elliptical orbit, orbiter will be manoeuvred towards 100-km lunar orbit by firing thrusters and then lander housing the rover will separate from orbiter.

The six wheeled rover will move on lunar surface and collect soil or rock samples for on-site chemical analysis to gather scientific information on lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice. The data will be relayed to Earth through orbiter. The rover will move around landing site in semi-autonomous mode as decided by the ground commands.

Note: The soft-landing on the lunar surface of the moon will be most complex part of Chandrayaan 2 mission. Only the US, Russia and China have been able to soft-land spacecraft on lunar surface.