reorganisation of Jammu and Kashmir Current Affairs - 2019

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Union Territory of Ladakh gets Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development

Union Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Shri Prakash Javadekar approved the proposal of New Regional Centre of the GB Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development at Ladakh.

Objectives

  • To promote alternative and innovative livelihoods for climate change vulnerable cold-desert communities
  • To strengthen and establish the solutions and approaches towards addressing water scarcity.
  • To facilitate conservation of important cold desert habitats and biodiversity
  • To foster climate smart communities in the Himalayan landscape

About the Institute

The GB Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment and Sustainable Development has its headquarters located at Kosi-Katarmal, Uttarkhand. The regional Centres of the institute are located in

  • Kullu-to cover the Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh regions
  • Srinagar-To cover Uttarkhand region
  • Gangtok-To cover Sikkim and West Bengal hills
  • Itanagar-to cover North Eastern Region

The institute caters to environment management, policies for sustainable development of communities and conservation of natural resources in the Indian Himalayan Region.

Significance

The Trans Himalayan landscape lies above 3,000 Mean Sea Level and is characterized by extreme cold climate. It has very sparse vegetation. The annual rainfall in these regions is 9-10 cm with more than 300 sunny days.

The Institute helps in understanding the landscape and its components in a better way. This will aid in developing strategies and implementation plans for addressing the issued of environmental conservation and sustainable development.

Govt constitutes 3-member committee to look into assets, liabilities of J&K

Union government has constituted a 3-member committee to oversee the bifurcation of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) into two union territories and look into distribution of assets and liabilities of J&K between two successor Union territories that will come into existence on October 31.

Key Highlights

Background: The decision of constituting a committee is in succession to abrogation of special status given to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 and bifurcation of state into two UTs, as announced by Centre on August 5. Thereby after revocation of Article 370, apportionment of assets and liabilities of existing state of J&K shall be subject to recommendations of a committee constituted by central government.

Committee Constitution: The three member committee will be chaired by Sanjay Mitra, former defence secretary and the members include retired IAS officer Arun Goyal and retired Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) officer Giriraj Prasad Gupta.

The central government has constituted the advisory committee in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 84 and Section 85 of Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019.

According to Section 84 of Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, the assets and liabilities of existing state of J&K have to be apportioned between Union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.

According to Section 85 of Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, the central government, by an order, can establish one or more advisory committees for apportionment of rights, assets and liabilities of companies and corporations constituted for existing state of Jammu and Kashmir between two Union territories.