Reporters Without Borders Current Affairs - 2019
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
Indian historian Sanjay Subrahmanyam has won prestigious Dan David Prize of Israel for the year 2019 for his work on inter-cultural encounters between Asians, Europeans and people of North and South America during the early modern era.
Sanjay Subrahmanyam shares the award in the category of ‘past time dimension’ with Prof Kenneth Pomeranz of the University of Chicago.
Dan David Prize
The Dan David Prize is a joint international award given by the Dan David Foundation headquartered at Tel Aviv University. The award was instituted by late Dan David, an international businessman and philanthropist who envisioned a project that would extend beyond traditional academic categorisations.
The Dan David Prize is awarded under three categories namely:
- Past category is generally drawn from the fields of history, archaeology, palaeontology and biography.
- Present from arts, media, policy and economics.
- Future from one of the exact or natural sciences.
For the Year 2019, the awardees were chosen from the three categories for their work:
- Macrohistory: Past category
- Defending democracy: Present
- Combating climate change: Future
The award in the “Present” category for “Defending Democracy” has been won by Reporters without Borders and Prof Michael Ignatieff.
The prize in the “future” category for combating climate change has been won by Christina Figueres, a Costa Rican diplomat
To encourage and foster new generations of scholars, the awardees are required to donate 10 per cent of their prize money towards scholarships for graduate or post-graduate researchers in their respective fields.
Tags: Christina Figueres • Dan David Foundation • Dan David Prize • Prof Kenneth Pomeranz • Prof Michael Ignatieff • Reporters Without Borders • Sanjay Subrahmanyam • Tel Aviv University • University of Chicago
In recently released World Press Freedom Index (WPFI) 2018 by Reporters Without Borders, India was placed at 138th rank out of 180 nations surveyed worldwide in terms of press freedom in 2017. It was ranked at the 135th in WPFI 2017.
Top 10 Countries: Norway (1st), Sweden (2nd), Netherlands (3rd), Finland (4th), Switzerland (5th), Jamaica (6th), Belgium (7th), New Zealand (8th), Denmark (9th) and Costa Rica (10th).
SAARC nations: Afghanistan (118th), Bhutan (94th), Nepal (106th), Maldives (120th), and Sri Lanka (131st), all performed better than India with Pakistan (139th) and Bangladesh (146th) performing worse.
2018 WPFI reflects increasing hostility towards journalists in democratic countries. It showed that media phobia has become more pronounced. It suggests scary picture especially in democratic countries where political leaders are openly threatening journalists, even incarcerating them if they refuse to offer their loyalty. China’s ranking remained unchanged at 175th position for the second year.
As per Index’s definition, quality of press freedom in India is bad. India fared poorly on indicators such as hate speeches, attacks on journalists on social media, trolling them and targeting their reputation. It also mentions that at least 4 journalists were gunned down in India in 2017.
World Press Freedom Index (WPFI)
WPFI is produced by France-based international non-governmental organization Reporters Without Borders (RWB), or Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF). It ranks performance of countries according to index calculated based upon various parameters. These parameters include media pluralism and independence, respect for the safety and freedom of journalists, and the legislative, institutional and infrastructural environment in which the media operate. WPFI aims to promotes and defends freedom of information and freedom of the press.