Representation of People Act 1951 Current Affairs - 2020
On January 1, 2020, the Election Commission of India launched an online system that will allow political parties to track their applications. The system is called Political Parties Registration Tracking Management System (PPRTMS).
The system will track applications registered by political parties. The status of the application shall be obtained through SMS or e-mail. The system works on a real time basis.
For a political party to contest in election, it has to submit an application to the election commission. The commission checks if the party satisfies the criteria governed by section 29A of Representation of People Act, 1951.
Section 29A of RP act, 1951
Under the section, a party has to submit an application to the election commission within 30 days of its formation. Under the act, a party is eligible to get registered as “National Political Party of India” only if it satisfies following criteria
- The party should secure at least 6% of votes in four or more states at an election to assembly or parliament
- Also, the party should win at least four seats in House of People
A party is eligible to get registered as “State Political Party” if it satisfies the following criteria
- The party should win 6% of votes polled in state elections
- It should win at least 2 seats in legislative assembly of the state.
Tags: e-governance • Election Commission of India (ECI) • Parliament • Political Parties • political parties registration tracking management system
The Election Commission of India (ECI) has issued guidelines to media on various issue related to elections like exit polls, publication of results etc.
Guidelines of Election Commission
- Section 126A of the Representation of People Act 1951 prohibits the conduct of exit poll and dissemination of its results the hour fixed for the commencement of poll in the first phase and half an hour after the time fixed for the close of poll for the last phase in all the states. The advisory by the election commission states that exit polls can only be telecast after the final phase of polling for the Lok Sabha elections ends on May 19.
- The advisory on exit polls is also applicable for Assembly elections in Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim.
- The ECI has asked the TV, radio channels, cable networks, websites and social media platforms to ensure that the contents of programmes telecast during the 48-hour period before the end of polls in each phase do not contain any material, including views or appeals by participants that may be construed as promoting or prejudicing the prospect of any particular party or candidate as per the Section 126 of Representation of People Act 1951.
- The advisory warns that any violation by broadcasters will be reported to the News Broadcasting Standards Authority (NBSA) by the Election Commission and will be dealt with by the NBSA under its regulations.
- The news broadcasters are advised not to air any final or definite results until they are formally announced by the Election Commission. Further, such results should be carried with a disclaimer that they are “unofficial or incomplete or partial results or projections which should not be taken as final results.
The Election Commission has asked the political parties to not criticise other countries, or make any verbal attack on any community or religion, use defamatory or obscene remarks or incite violence during the broadcast time allocated in public broadcasting agencies.