Reservation Current Affairs

Cabinet extends term of commission on sub-categorisation of OBCs

The Union Cabinet has approved second and final extension of term of Commission constituted to examine issue of Sub-categorization of Other Backward Classes in Central List for period of twelve weeks upto June, 2018. The Commission was constituted with approval of President under article 340 of Constitution in October, 2017. It is headed by Justice (Retd.) G. Rohini.

Key Facts

The commission was tasked to examine extent of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation among castes included in broad category of OBCs, especially with reference to OBCs included in the Central list. It was also tasked to take up exercise of identifying respective castes/sub-castes/communities synonyms in Central List of OBCs and classify them into their respective sub-categories. It mandate was to work out mechanism, norms, criteria and parameters, in scientific approach, for sub-categorization within such OBCs.

Since its inception, the commission has interacted with all States/UTs which have subcategorized OBCs and State Backward Classes Commissions. It also has requisitioned data from Higher Education Institutions regarding admission of OBCs to higher education courses as well as data regarding recruitment of OBC persons in Government jobs to assess magnitude of inequitable distribution of benefits of reservation among castes and communities included in Centre List of OBCs.

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Acid attack victims to get quota in Central Government jobs

The Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) has issued notification to provide quota to people with autism, mental illnesses, intellectual disability and victims of acid attacks in Central government jobs.

In case of direct recruitment, 4% of the total number of vacancies, up from existing 3%, in groups A, B and C will be reserved for people with Benchmark disability i.e. person with not less than 40% of a specified disability. The additional 1 % reservation to existing 3% reservation is as per the provision Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.

Key Facts

As per the notification, 1% of each posts will be reserved for people with blindness and low vision, deaf and hard of hearing, locomotor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy. Besides, 1% posts each shall be also reserved for people suffering from autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability and mental illness. Moreover, all government organisations will have to appoint ‘grievance redressal officers’ to look into complaints.

Intellectual disability

It is a condition characterised by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning such as reasoning, learning and problem solving. It is in adaptive behaviour that covers a range of everyday skills.

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