Reserve Bank of India Current Affairs - 2020
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On March 5, 2020, the Reserve Bank of India imposed a month-long moratorium. Also, the Apex Bank has imposed withdrawal restrictions of Rs 50,000 to the customers. However, in case of medical emergencies and higher education fees, the restriction has been increased to Rs 5 lakhs.
The Reserve Bank has taken actions as the Yes Bank is currently unable to raise funds that will help against loan losses. RBI has selected SBI (The State Bank of India) to inject capital into Yes Bank. SBI is to conduct viability assessment in buying stakes at Yes Bank.
What is Moratorium?
Moratorium is a temporary suspension of an activity or business. Though RBI has powers to impose restrictions on financial activities of banks in India, it has no powers to impose a moratorium. Moratorium has been imposed on the bank by GoI under recommendation of RBI.
Banking Regulation Act
The Reserve Bank of India has powers to take above actions under Banking Regulation Act, 1949. Section 35A of the act provides powers to put withdrawal restrictions on any bank in India.
Tags: Banking Regulation Act • RBI • Reserve Bank of India • SBI • Yes Bank
On February 6, 2020, the Reserve Bank of India released its bi-monthly monetary policy. The apex bank has kept the policy repo rate unchanged. It remains at 5.15%.
Observations of the Committee
The Monetary Policy Committee that meets once in two months under the chairmanship of its Governor has made the following observations
- The inflation has increased and the unusual price hike in onions has been the main reason behind price rise. The Retail Inflation has increased from 4.6% in October to 5.5% in November. It increased further to 7.4% in December 2019. It is the highest since July 2014.
- The Committee estimates CPI for Q4 of the Financial Year 2020 at 6.5%. For Q3, it was at 3.2%.
- The Reverse Repo Rate under the Liquidity Adjustment Facility remained unchanged at 4.9%
- The Bank Rate and the Marginal Standing Facility Rate stood at 5.4%
According to RBI, the economic slow down is mainly due to muted corporate investments, weak household spending and slowdown in construction and manufacturing activity.
Tags: Monetary Policy • Monetary Policy Committee • RBI • RBI Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Review • Reserve Bank of India