Reverse Repo Rate Current Affairs - 2019
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The important facts related to the RBI’s sixth bi-monthly monetary policy statement for 2018-19 is listed below:
- RBI has relaxed the CPI or retail inflation forecasts for India in FY20.
- Because of the low inflation forecasts, RBI has decided to trim down policy repo rate by 25 basis points, taking the overall interest rate down to 6.25% now from previous 6.50%.
- The policy stance has also been changed from calibrated tightening to neutral.
- RBI data suggests that the 7th Pay Commission’s HRA allowance impact on the inflation indicator has diminished.
- The reverse repo rate under the liquidity adjustment facility now stands adjusted to 6.0 per cent.
- The marginal standing facility (MSF) rate and the Bank Rate now stand at 6.5 per cent.
Why the Inflation Forecasts were on the lower side?
The lower inflation forecasts by the RBI are attributed to the following reasons:
- Food inflation has continued to be on the downside with continuing deflation across several items and a significant moderation in inflation in cereals. Food commodities are experiencing excess supply conditions domestically as well as internationally. Hence, the short-term outlook for food inflation appears particularly benign, despite adverse base effects.
- The moderation in the fuel prices was larger than anticipated. Inflation in items of rural consumption such as firewood and chips, which had remained sticky and at elevated levels, has collapsed in recent months. Electricity prices have also witnessed an unexpected moderation. This resulted in a softer outlook for the fuel group
- The recent unusual pick-up in the prices of health and education is seen as a one-off phenomenon.
The next meeting of the MPC for the policy review is scheduled from April 2 to 4, 2019.
On June 6, 2018, the six members Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of RBI has decided to hike Repo (short term lending rate) to 6.25% from 6.00%. As per the second Bi-monthly Monetary Policy Statement, the current policy rates of RBI would be as follows:
- Repo Rate: 6.25%
- Reverse Repo Rate: 6.00%
- Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) Rate: 6.50%
The recent rise of 25 basis points in key policy rates is for the first time in four and half years since NDA government was formed in May, 2014.
Repo rate, or repurchase rate, is the rate at which RBI lends to banks for short periods. This is done by RBI buying government bonds from banks with an agreement to sell them back at a fixed rate. When RBI increases Repo Rate, the banks can borrow less at a lower cost and thus need to lend at higher rates. This contributes to hike of the interest rates in markets. When RBI increases the repo rate, the move is generally called a tight monetary policy stance.
Reverse Repo Rate
Reverse repo rate is the rate of interest at which the RBI borrows funds from other banks in the short term. This is done by RBI selling government bonds / securities to banks with the commitment to buy them back at a future date. The banks use the reverse repo facility to deposit their short-term excess funds with the RBI and earn interest on it. RBI can reduce liquidity in the banking system by increasing the rate at which it borrows from banks. Hiking the repo and reverse repo rate ends up reducing the liquidity and pushes up interest rates.
When the RBI increases the Reverse Repo, it means that now the RBI will provide extra interest on the money which it borrows from the banks. An increase in reverse repo rate means that banks earn higher returns by lending to RBI. This indicates a hike in the deposit rates.
Marginal Standing Facility
Marginal Standing Facility is a new Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF) window created by Reserve Bank of India in 2011. MSF is the rate at which the banks are able to borrow overnight funds from RBI against the approved government securities. The rate of interest on MSF is above 100 bps above the Repo Rate. The banks can borrow up to 1 percent of their net demand and time liabilities (NDTL) from this facility.