Road Accidents Current Affairs - 2020

Campaign launched on Prevention of Human and Animal Mortality on Highways

On June 5, 2020, the Union minister of Road Transport and Highways Shri Nitin Gadkari launched the United Nations Development Programme campaign called “Prevention of Human and Animal Mortality on highways”.

Need

India is witnessing 5 lakhs road accidents every year. Out of these 1.5 lakhs lose their lives. The campaign is launched to bring down the accident rates.

Measures

The GoI has taken several road safety measures to reduce accidents. This includes Rectification of Black spots, Crash barriers, Traffic barriers, road safety audit, rehabilitation and reconstruction of narrow bridges and highway patrolling.

The GoI has also spent good amounts in creating infrastructure that is safer to animals. The Nagpur-Jabalpur Highway is one such example. Similar successful steps have been taken in Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Maharashtra, etc.

Nagpur-Jabalpur Highway

Around 5,450 wild animals have been captured in the cameras installed that they are using the underpasses constructed in the highway. The report was generated by the Wildlife Institute of India.

Motor Vehicles Act: 10% reduction of road accidents in 5 months

On March 16, 2020, the Minister of Transport Nithin Gadkari informed Rajya Sabha that there has been 10% decrease in road accidents since the passage of Motors Vehicles Act.

Highlights

During the Question Hour, the minister replied that India has pledged to reduce 50% of accidents in 5 years. Also, India signed the World Safety Conference held in Sweden recently.

Status of accidents in India

In India, more than 5 lakh accidents occur annually and more than 1.5 lakh people lose their lives.

Effects of the law

After the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) act, 2019 was passed in July 2019, accidents have reduced by 10% in the country. This has saved 10,000 lives. Out of all the states, Tamil Nadu has made significant progress in reducing road accidents. The state alone has helped reduce 24% of accidents in the last 5 months. Gujarat helped reduce 14%, Andhra Pradesh has reduced accidents by 7% and Uttar Pradesh has helped to reduce 13% of accidents in the country.

In Kerala, the accidents have increased by 4.9% and Assam by 8% rise.

Motor Vehicles Act

The Motor Vehicles act is currently under concurrent list. This means that both the centre and the states are empowered to implement the requirements of the act.

Measures of GoI

The World Bank has provided Rs 14,000 crores and Asian Development Bank has provided grant of Rs 7,000 crores to improve road infrastructure of India. The funds are to be used to improve road engineering and also to providing training in driving.