road construction Current Affairs - 2020

India and ADB sign 177 million USD to upgrade Maharashtra State Highways

On May 28, 2020, the Government of India and the Asian Development Bank signed an agreement to construct state highways in Maharashtra.

Highlights

The funds received from the bank are to be used by the State Government of Maharashtra to improve road projects. The projects will be used to increase connectivity between urban and rural areas. This will help in increasing access to markets and employment opportunities.

The State Government will also use the funds in training public work department project staff, build their climate change adaptation of roads and also help in disaster resilient features of road design, road safety and road maintenance.

Roads and Climate Change

The supporting structures of transport are the biggest climate change challenges in the world. The roads take the heat continuously during summer and damaged exclusively by flash floods in rainy season. Therefore, it is important to focus on climate resilient roads.

Phase III of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana launched

On December 18, 2019, Union Minister of Rural Development, Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar launched the third phase of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.

Highlights

The third phase aims at consolidation of 1,25,000 km of connectivity that primarily aiming at rural links connecting Gramin Agricultural Markets. The funding pattern is set between the centre and state as 60:40. In the north-eastern states it is set as 90:10. Under the scheme, so far 53,491 rural road works have been completed under the scheme. This connects 97.27% of feasible habitations and adds up to 6 lakh kilometres of roads across the country.

The scheme has used waste plastic and cold mix technology to build major portion of roads. These green technologies have been used on 36,063 kilometres of road constructed under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana

The scheme was launched in 2000. It was completely funded by the central government. In 2015, under the recommendation of the 14th finance commission, the project was funded by both centre and state in the ratio 60:40.