Road Safety Current Affairs - 2019

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5th United Nations Global Road Safety Week

The Fifth United Nations (UN) Global Road Safety Week is being held from 6 May to 12 May 2019. The theme for weekly event in 2019 is “Leadership for road safety”.

About 5th UN Global Road Safety Week 2019

  • The UN Global Road Safety Weeks and its’ campaigns are coordinated by United Nations Road Safety Collaboration, chaired by World Health Organization (WHO).
  • During the on-going global road safety week WHO released “Global Status Report on Road Safety”.
  • As it is acknowledged that with a stronger leadership for road safety Global Goals could be achieved, so it launched action through ongoing campaign “Save Lives – #SpeakUp”.

About “Save Lives – #SpeakUp” campaign

  • It operates on principles of ‘Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020’. The Decade of Action seeks to prevent road traffic injuries and deaths which are projected to take lives of about 1.9 million people annually by 2020.
  • It provides an opportunity for civil society to demand a strong leadership for road safety, particularly around evidence-based interventions that will save lives.
  • It also inspires leaders to take action by displaying strong leadership for road safety within governments, private companies, NGOs, international agencies, schools and universities.

 Key Findings of Global Status Report on Road Safety: WHO

  • All over the world Road accidents are leading cause of death among people in between 5years- 29years of age.
  • Every year more than 1.35 million lives are lost and 50 million gets injured in road accidents.
  • India’s Performance: Since 2008, India has maintained questionable distinction of being world number one in road crash deaths. In 2015, India became a signatory to Brasilia Declaration on Road Safety, where it committed to reduce 50% of its road crash deaths by 2020. But even after 2015, full scale of problem in India is still unacknowledged.
  • As per Indian government data on road accidents, road crashes kill about 1,50,000 people each year. Although WHO report argues that numbers are understated and that India might be losing more than 2,99,000 people each year.

Delhi to Launch Zero Fatality Corridor

Delhi Government has launched Zero Fatality Corridor with an aim to curb the number of accidents. The announcement was made by the Minister of Transport, Delhi during the opening ceremony of the Road Safety Week.

About the Zero Fatality Corridor

The important facts related to the Zero Fatality Corridor are:

  • A 3km stretch between Bhalswa chowk and Burari chowk on the outer ring road has been chosen as a case study in this regard.
  • The selected stretch has four blackspots namely Burari chowk, Bhalswa chowk, Mukundpur chowk, and Jahangirpuri bus stand.
  • This 3km stretch will be observed for scientific assessment of accidents, road engineering, road-user engagement.
  • Experts will also ensure that safety and security measures such as police enforcement and rapid emergency care are made available on this stretch.
  • The initiative is a collaborative approach of the transport, health, education, public works department, together with Delhi traffic police to ensure that road fatalities in Delhi are reduced.

Data shows that around 67 fatal road accidents occurred on this road over a span of two years starting 2016. The Zero Fatality Corridor project aim is to reduce the fatalities to near zero levels on this particular stretch. After evaluating the impact of the initiative, the government aims to replicate this model in other parts of the city. The initiative is part of the plan of action to reduce fatalities due to road crashes by 30 per cent by 2020.