rockets Current Affairs - 2020

Long March 5B: China’s new Rocket launch successful

China had launched a new rocket and a deep-space spacecraft to operate a permanent space station and also to send astronauts to moon.

Highlights

China launched the Long March 5B rocket from its Wenchang launch site that is located on the island of Hainan. The rocket is a massive vehicle and is being compared with deep space Orion capsule of NASA.

What is the plan?

The rocket in the future will help China transport astronauts to space station by 2022. The rocket launch will also aid China in its plans of building a huge space station called “Tiangong”.

Tiangong

Tiangong is the space station programme of China. The programme is independent and unconnected to other international space activities. In 2011, China launched its first space laboratory called Tiangong-1. Later, in 2016, the second space laboratory was launched called Tiangong-2.

US and China

The United States is the only country to have sent humans to moon. China on the other hand has carried astronauts to space and has successfully landed a rover to the far side of the moon in 2019. China is now set to land its rover on mars by the end of 2020.

DRDO’s Igniter Complex inaugurated

A Defense Research Development Organization (DRDO) Igniter Complex was inaugurated at High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL), Pune. The main purpose of the laboratory is to design, process, evaluate ignition systems for any kind of DRDO projects.

About the Igniter Complex

  • The new complex is equipped with sieve shaker, granulating machine, planetary mixer, pelleting machine, etc.
  • A design, modelling, simulation laboratory are a part of the complex.
  • The complex also has an assembly centre and a testing centre.

HEMRL

HEMRL develops rocket, pyrotechnic devices, gun propellants, high-explosive systems. Ignition is the crucial phenomenon in all these systems. HEMRL had developed ignition system for Prithvi, Agni, Nag, Akash, Pinaka, etc. It has also transferred the technology to Ordance factory, Pune. It also performs research on high-power explosives and on pyrotechnics.

A Brief History

In December 2015, a high-level committee that investigated a fire accident at the igniter complex had suggested this new complex. The committee found that there are grave risks to humans in making and designing of ignition systems and recommended advanced and remote controlled facility.