Romania Current Affairs - 2019
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In Romania, President Klaus Iohannis has appointed outgoing economy minister Mihai Tudose as Prime Minister and thus paved the way for the formation of a new leftist Social-Democrat-led government in that country. According to the President of Romania, the decision has been taken keeping in mind the political crisis that risked damaging the country’s record economic recovery.
The ruling Social Democrat Party (PSD) was ousted from the power following an internal power struggle. PSD filed a no-confidence motion against ex-Prime Minister Sorin Grindeanu for causing delays in implementing reforms. Grindeanu has been ousted from power barely six months after PSD swept back to victory in elections.
The Prime Minister-designate Mihai Tudose will have 10 days to gain the vote of confidence.
Romania is the second poorest country of the European Union. It is the largest of the Balkan countries and has a coastline on the Black Sea. Romania was under the rule of the Roman, Ottoman and the Austro-Hungarian Empires. In the 2004 Romania got admitted into NATO and in 2007 it joined the European Union (EU).
United States has activated a land-based missile defence station (Aegis Ashore Missile Defence System) in Deveselu, Romania.
The missile defence station is part of NATO’s larger European shield to protect member countries from short and medium-range missiles, particularly from the Middle East.
- The Deveselu missile defence station has a battery of SM-2 missile interceptors.
- It uses powerful computer and radar technology to track and guide weapons to destroy enemy targets.
- It also allows on-shore sites and warships to shoot down enemy ballistic missiles while they are still in space.
- The interceptor missiles are fired to hit ballistic missiles before they re-enter the atmosphere, stopping them well before there is any danger of causing any damage.
- US has spent 800 million dollars on the site in Romania, where work had began in 2013.
The missile defence station was activated as part of the Article Five commitment by all 28 NATO members. Under this commitment NATO members have decided in 2010 to create a missile shield based on US technology. The next phase of the project will be launched in Poland at Redzikowo, near the Baltic Sea and is due to be completed in 2020.