ROSCOSMOS Current Affairs - 2020
SpaceX successfully launched a Dragon spacecraft on a cargo mission for NASA to International Space Station (ISS).
- This is SpaceX’s fifth launch of year. The launch was rescheduled earlier due to some electrical problem on ISS.
- It was launched on a ‘Falcon 9’ rocket, from Cape Canaveral in Florida. It is being used for first time.
- Rocket on boards an un-crewed Cargo Dragon spacecraft.
The Dragon spacecraft
- It is scheduled to reach ISS on May 6.
- It carries 2,500 kilograms of research, supplies and hardware for astronauts living and working on ISS as part of the CRS-17 mission (17th resupply mission).
- It will remain at ISS for about four weeks before coming back to Earth with more than 1,900 kg of research and return cargo.
- It has flown before on other Missions namely, CRS-12 mission in August 2017
About The International Space Station (ISS)
- It is basically an orbiting laboratory where its crew members conduct experiments in fields of biology, human biology, physics, astronomy, meteorology,etc.
- It is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit (LEO).
- Launched into orbit for first time in 1998, it is now largest human-made body in LEO.
- Primary partners on project are USA’s NASA, Russia’s Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities (Roscosmos), EU’s European Space Agency (ESA), Canadian Space Agency and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).
Tags: Canadian Space Agency • CRS-12 Mission • Dragon spacecraft • ESA • European Space Agency
Russian Soyuz spacecraft carrying NASA Astronaut Nick Hague and Christina Koch, and Cosmonaut (Russian Crew members are called as a cosmonaut) Alexey Ovchinin successfully docked International Space Station.
Soyuz is a Russian Spacecraft carries people and supplies to and from the space station. Soyuz Spacecraft also function as lifeboats and one Soyuz spacecraft is always docked to the space station, so that in case of emergency the crew can return to earth through the spacecraft.
After the retirement of the space shuttle in 2011, the Soyuz spacecraft has become the sole means of transportation for crew members going to or returning from the orbiting laboratory.
International Space Station
The International Space Station is a habitable artificial satellite in low Earth orbit. The ISS maintains an orbit with an altitude of between 330 and 435 km (205 and 270 mi) by means of re-boost manoeuvres and circles the Earth in roughly 92 minutes and completes 15.5 orbits per day
The ISS programme is a joint project between five participating space agencies: NASA (United States), Roscosmos (Russia), JAXA (Japan), ESA (Europe), and CSA (Canada).
The ISS serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in which crew members conduct experiments in biology, human biology, Physics, Astronomy, meteorology, and other fields.