Rural Empowerment Current Affairs - 2019
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Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is flagship programme of Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) that aims to enrich Rural India. The second edition (Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0) was launched in April, 2018. Currently 748 institutions are participating under the scheme. In phase II, 605 institutions were selected. Out of these 313 are technical Institutions and 292 are Non-Technical Institutions. 143 institutions had taken part in phase-1.
Unnat Bharat Abhiyan
The scheme aims to link higher education institutions with set of atleast five villages, so that they can contribute to economic and social betterment of these village communities using their knowledge base. Under this scheme, higher education institutions will participate in development activities, particularly in rural areas.
Objective of the scheme are
- To engage faculty and students of higher educational institutions in understanding rural realities.
- Identify and select existing innovative technologies, enable customization of technologies or devise implementation methods for innovative solutions as required by people.
- To allow higher educational institutions to contribute to devising systems for smooth implementation of various Government Programs.
The scheme is inspired by vision of transformational change in rural development processes by leveraging knowledge base and resources of premier Institutions of the country to help build the architecture of Inclusive India. It also aims to create virtuous cycle between society and inclusive university system, with latter providing knowledge base, best practices for emerging livelihoods and upgrade capabilities of both public and private sectors.
Under it, institutes through their faculty and students, will carry out studies of living conditions in adopted villages, assess local problems and needs, workout possibilities of leveraging technological interventions and need to improve processes in implementation of various government schemes, prepare workable action plans for the selected villages.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan at Ramnagar, tribal-dominated district of Madhya Pradesh on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day (24 April). The scheme aims to strengthen the country’s Panchayati Raj system and address critical gaps that hinder its success.
Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan
It is Central Government sponsored scheme that aims at making rural local bodies self-sustainable, financially stable and more efficient. It seeks to address critical gaps that hinder success of Panchayats by enhancing their capacities and effectiveness, and promote devolution of powers and responsibilities.
Its intended objective is to train and build capacity of elected representatives of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs). It seeks to shift the participative planning, prepared from the grassroots level upwards and strengthen panchayat level governance with more appropriate capacity building.
Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by PM Modi had approved restructured Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) to focus on training, building infrastructure, stepping up initiatives for e-governance under e-Panchayat Mission Mode Project (MMP) to deliver Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It will be implemented during period from April 2018 to March 2022 with outlay of Rs. 7255 crore.