Rural Empowerment Current Affairs

PM Narendra Modi launches Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan at Ramnagar, tribal-dominated district of Madhya Pradesh on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day (24 April). The scheme aims to strengthen the country’s Panchayati Raj system and address critical gaps that hinder its success.

Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan

It is Central Government sponsored scheme that aims at making rural local bodies self-sustainable, financially stable and more efficient. It seeks to address critical gaps that hinder success of Panchayats by enhancing their capacities and effectiveness, and promote devolution of powers and responsibilities.

Its intended objective is to train and build capacity of elected representatives of Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs). It seeks to shift the participative planning, prepared from the grassroots level upwards and strengthen panchayat level governance with more appropriate capacity building.

Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by PM Modi had approved restructured Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (RGSA) to focus on training, building infrastructure, stepping up initiatives for e-governance under e-Panchayat Mission Mode Project (MMP) to deliver Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It will be implemented during period from April 2018 to March 2022 with outlay of Rs. 7255 crore.

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Government to launch Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana under DAY-NRLM

The Union Ministry of Rural Development is going to launch Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY), a sub-scheme under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM).

The scheme aims at providing an alternative source of livelihood to members of Self Help Groups (SHGs) by facilitating them to operate public transport services in backward rural areas.

Key Facts

AGEY will help to provide safe, affordable and community monitored rural transport services to connect remote villages with key services and amenities such as access to markets, education and health for the overall economic development of backward rural areas.

The transport services will be provided by e-rickshaws, 3 and 4 wheeler motorised transport vehicles to connect remote villages with the help of Self Help Groups (SHGs) under DAY-NRLM. This will provide an additional avenue of livelihood for SHGs.

The scheme will be implemented initially in 250 blocks in the country on a pilot basis for a period of 3 years (2017-20) with each block provided upto six vehicles to operate transport services. The Community Investment Fund (CIF) provided to Community Based Organization (CBOs) under DAY-NRLM will be utilized to provide interest free loan to SHG member for purchase of transport vehicles.

About Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM)

DAY-NRLM is a poverty alleviation scheme implemented by Union Ministry of Rural Development to promote self-employment and organization of rural poor.  It was launched as NRLM in 2011 but was succeeded by Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana in 2016. It is supported by World Bank.

The scheme aims to organize the poor into SHGs and make them capable for self-employment. It has a special focus on women empowerment including a dedicated component for promoting farm and non-farm based livelihoods for women farmers in rural areas.

The scheme will help rural poor to set up self-employment ventures by ensuring easy access to credit. It is implemented across the country in all States and Union Territories (except Chandigarh and Delhi ). It is one of the world’s largest initiatives to improve the livelihood of poor.

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