Russia Current Affairs

France wins 2018 FIFA World Cup Football title

France has won 2018 FIFA World Cup Football by defeating Croatia by 4-2 goals in the final match held at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, Russia . It was France’s second World Cup crown after it had own it in 1998 (by defeating Brazil) on home soil. With this, victory France joins Uruguay and Argentina in winning World Cup for a second time. It was Croatia’s first World Cup final appearance and smallest country ever to reach final in the modern era.

Goal Scores: For France, four goals were scored by Mario Mandžukić (Croatia’s self-goal at 18 min), Antoine Griezmann (38 min), Paul Pogba (59 min) and Kylian Mbappe (65 min). For Croatia, two goals were scored by Ivan Perišić (28 min), Mario Mandzukic (69 min).

2018 FIFA World Cup Awards

  • Top 4 team rankings: France (1st, Winner), Croatia (2nd, Croatia), Belgium (3rd) and England (4th).
  • Golden Ball award: Luka Modric (Croatia).
  • Golden Boot award: Harry Kane (England captain) for scoring six goals across six games.
  • Golden Glove award: Thibaut Courtois (Belgium).
  • FIFA Young Player award: 19-year-old Kylian Mbappe (France).
  • FIFA Fair Play Award: Spain for superb disciplinary record.

Next World Cup: Qatar will be hosting next FIFA World Cup in 2022. It will be the first Arab country to host World Cup and it will also for first time it will be held in Middle East region.

FIFA World Cup

It is an international association football competition contested by senior men’s national teams of members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport’s global governing body. It is held every four years since the inaugural tournament held in 1930. The total 21 World Cup tournaments played so far have been won by eight national teams. Brazil has won for recode five times and it is only team that has played in every World Cup. Germany and Italy have each won four titles, Argentina, France and Uruguay have won two titles each. England and Spain has won one title each.

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OPCW given powers to identify those behind chemicals arms attacks in Syria

The world’s foremost chemical weapons watchdog, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) as granted itself new powers to help identify those responsible for chemical attacks in Syria. 82 members (exceeding required two-thirds majority) of the OPCW voted in favour of this proposal tabled by United Kingdom at special session of Conference of States Parties in The Hague. 24 countries including Russia, Iran and Syria voted against it.

With enhanced powers, OPCW now can put in place arrangements to identify the perpetrators of use of chemical weapons in Syria. It is considered as important step forward for arms control. It strengthens unravelling consensus against use of chemical weapons.

Background

Until now, OPCW was only able to say whether chemical weapons were used – but not who had used them. It had limited power to only send teams to alleged chemical weapons attack, collect samples and draw their conclusions. They were having only limited power of determining whether attack is chemical weapons or not. But whatever evidence they turned up, they were not having powers to point finger at particular country or non-state actor as the perpetrator for the attack.

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

OPCW is an intergovernmental organization that promotes, administers and verifies the adherence to the Convention on Prohibition of Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction (CWC). This convention outlaws production, stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and their precursors. 190 member-states have signed and ratified this convention including India. Six states- Angola, Egypt, Israel, Myanmar, North Korea and South Sudan are still outside the CWC. OPCW was established April 1997 and it is headquartered in Hague, Netherlands. It was awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 2013 for overseeing global endeavour for permanent and verifiable elimination of chemical weapons.

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