Rwanda Current Affairs - 2019

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14 June: World Blood Donor Day observed

The World Blood Donor Day (WBDD) was celebrated around the world on 14 June 2019. Theme for 2019 was- Safe blood for all.

About World Blood Donor Day

Background: In May 2005, during 58th World Health Assembly (WHA), ministers of health from all around the world unanimously declared their commitment and support towards voluntary blood donation and with resolution WHA58.13, they designated World Blood Donor Day as an annual event which will be held each year on 14 June.\

Melbourne Declaration: Later in 2009, experts in field of transfusion medicine, policy-makers and nongovernmental representatives from over 40 countries formulated Melbourne Declaration, which established a goal for all countries to obtain all their blood supplies from voluntary (unpaid) blood donors by 2020.

Why This Date? It is to commemorate the birthday anniversary of Karl Landsteiner (an Austrian biologist, physician, and immunologist) on June 14, 1868. He is known for Development and classification of blood group system (ABO), discovery of Rhesus (Rh) factor, discovery of poliovirus among others. He is also known as the father of transfusion medicine.

Objective: To raise awareness about the need for regular safe blood donations for ensuring that all individuals/communities have access to affordable as well as timely supplies of safe and quality-assured blood and all blood products. It is also celebrated to thank voluntary blood donors for their life-saving gifts.

Significance: The day serves as an important occasion for all governments, national health authorities and national blood services all over the world to provide adequate infrastructures so as to increase collection of blood from regular unpaid blood donors.

Importance: Blood plays vital role in treatment of wounded during emergencies like natural disasters, accidents and armed conflicts. It also has an essential, life-saving role in maternal care. Most importantly for a country to have an effective health system, access to safe blood and blood products in sufficient quantity is a must.

About WBDD 2019

Host Country: The host country for this years’ World Blood Donor Day is Rwanda and the global event were held in Kigali, Rwanda on 14 June 2019.

WBDD 2019 Theme: is Blood Donation and Universal Access to Safe Blood Transfusion, as a component of achieving Universal Health Coverage (UHC). The slogan- Safe Blood for All, was also adopted to raise awareness about universal need for safe blood in delivery of health care. The theme also strongly encourages more people worldwide to become blood donors and donate blood regularly.

International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Rwanda Genocide

International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Rwanda Genocide was observed on 7th April on 7th April in memory of the victims of the genocide in Rwanda.

1994 Rwanda Genocide

1994 Rwanda Genocide was the genocide against the Tutsi community directed by members of the Hutu majority government during the 100-day period from 7 April to 15 July 1994.

About 85% of Rwandans were Hutus and the Tutsi minority has long dominated the country. In 1959, the Hutus overthrew the Tutsi monarchy and tens of thousands of Tutsis fled to neighbouring countries, including Uganda.

A group of these Tutsi exiles formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). The RPF invaded Rwanda in 1990 and fighting continued until a 1993 peace deal was agreed.

On 6th April, a plane carrying then-President Juvenal Habyarimana, and his counterpart Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi both Hutus was shot down which killed everyone on board.

Hutu extremists blamed the RPF and immediately started a well-organised campaign of slaughter whereas the RPF said the plane had been shot down by Hutus to provide an excuse for the genocide.