Rwanda Current Affairs - 2019

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International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Rwanda Genocide

International Day of Reflection on the 1994 Rwanda Genocide was observed on 7th April on 7th April in memory of the victims of the genocide in Rwanda.

1994 Rwanda Genocide

1994 Rwanda Genocide was the genocide against the Tutsi community directed by members of the Hutu majority government during the 100-day period from 7 April to 15 July 1994.

About 85% of Rwandans were Hutus and the Tutsi minority has long dominated the country. In 1959, the Hutus overthrew the Tutsi monarchy and tens of thousands of Tutsis fled to neighbouring countries, including Uganda.

A group of these Tutsi exiles formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). The RPF invaded Rwanda in 1990 and fighting continued until a 1993 peace deal was agreed.

On 6th April, a plane carrying then-President Juvenal Habyarimana, and his counterpart Cyprien Ntaryamira of Burundi both Hutus was shot down which killed everyone on board.

Hutu extremists blamed the RPF and immediately started a well-organised campaign of slaughter whereas the RPF said the plane had been shot down by Hutus to provide an excuse for the genocide.

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC

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Global Cooling Coalition

The Global Cooling Coalition was launched at the first Global Conference on Synergies between the 2030 Agenda and Paris Agreement held at Copenhagen, Denmark.

About the Coalition

The Global Cooling Coalition is supported by the UN, Climate and Clean Air Coalition, the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program and Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL). The coalition includes environment ministers from Chile and Rwanda and foreign affairs from Denmark as well as heads of Danish engineering firms ENGIE and Danfoss and leaders from civil society, research and intergovernmental institutions

The Global Cool Coalition is a unified front that links action across the Kigali Amendment, Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals. The Coalition aims to:

  • Inspire ambition, identify solutions and mobilise action to accelerate progress towards clean and efficient cooling.
  • Complement and build upon ongoing successful programmes to advance clean and efficient cooling, including, the Cooling for All Secretariat, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Programme, private sector action like the Global Cooling Prize, and other initiatives.
  • Provide all with sustainable cooling at a scale that would ensure safe food, safe vaccine and comfort at work.

Why it is Significant?

As the incidence of heat waves is increasing with the regular and alarming frequency it is affecting the health and well being of people. Hence there is a growing demand for cooling which keeps individuals healthy, vaccines stable, food nutritious and economies productive.

Due to rising temperatures and spending power, the International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that the number of air conditioners in use is expected to increase from 1.2 billion today to 4.5 billion by 2050 to meet the cooling needs.

But the world also needs to tackle the challenge of ensuring the emission levels are well within the prescribed limits. The Global Cooling Coalition offers a three-in-one opportunity to cut global warming, improve the lives of hundreds of millions of people and make huge financial savings.”

Month: Categories: InternationalUPSC

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