Rythu Bandhu Current Affairs - 2020

PM Modi to release third instalment of Kisan Samman Nidhi

PM Modi is to release the fourth instalment of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Yojana in Tumakuru, Karnataka. The Prime Minister will also confer “Krishi Karmanya” award to three fishermen and 28 progressive farmers from various states.

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Yojana

The scheme was first introduced in Telangana as “Rythu Bandhu” scheme. Under the scheme, a certain amount is given to eligible farmers. Eventually, the scheme was accoladed for its huge success all over the world including World Bank.

Upon the success of Rythu Bandhu scheme, central government launched Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Yojana all over the country in 2018. Under the scheme, Rs 6,000 will be provided to farmers annually. The amount is directly credited to bank accounts of eligible farmers in four instalments.

Installments

Since the launch of the scheme, three installments were released. The fourth installment of the scheme is to be released by the Prime Minister. The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. In 2019 budget, annual expenditure of Rs 75,000 crores was allocated to the scheme.

Objectives

The scheme was launched to improve the income of small and marginal farmers. It will help farmers to fulfil their crop health and yields. It also helps farmers from falling under the hands of moneylenders in meeting their basic expenses.

Comparing PM-KISAN with Rythu Bandhu scheme of Telangana

The union government announced the PM-KISAN farm support scheme to address the farm sector in crisis. Similar initiatives have already been announced by states. Here’s a comparison of the centre’s farm support scheme PM-KISAN with similar schemes from various states.

PM-KISAN and Rythu Bandhu of Telangana

The Centres Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) would provide an annual grant of Rs 6,000 to farmers. Below is the comparison with Rythu Bandhu of Telangana:

  • PM-KISAN has a cap of two hectares to make a farmer eligible for the scheme. But the Rythu Bandhu of Telangana posses no restrictions on the extent of land one should own. However, there is a restriction on the acreage to 50 acres in the Rabi season for Rythu Bandhu payouts.
  • The capping of acreage at five acres under PM-KISAN would be disadvantageous to farmers in the rain-fed areas, where the farmers, even if they have more land, would still require financial assistance.
  • While the centre’s farm support is ₹6,000 in three equal instalments, farmers get Rs 8,000 in two instalments ahead of the Kharif and Rabi in Telangana and the government has already promised to increase it to Rs 10000 in the current year.
  • Since the intricacies of the PM-KISAN are yet to be declared, it is not clear whether the PM-KISAN would include tenant farmers in the scheme. Rythu Bandhu incorporates even the tenant farmers under the scheme.

KALIA and Krishak Bandhu

The KALIA scheme of Odisha offers annual assistance of Rs 12,500 each to each to farmers and Krishak Bandhu scheme of West Bengal offers an aid of Rs 5000 to farmers.

Of all, the KALIA scheme of Odisha looks more comprehensive since it covers the landless agricultural labourers too and also seeks to provide help to vulnerable agricultural households, besides promising interest-free crop loan.

The schemes of Telangana, Odisha and West Bengal have also incorporated the component of insurance. The payouts in Odisha and West Bengal are yet to happen.