S-400 Current Affairs
India has signed a defence deal worth nearly Rs 39,000 crore with Russia to purchase five state of art S-400 ‘Triumf’ air defence systems.
Besides, India also announced to collaborate in making four stealth frigates and setting up a joint production facility for making Kamov helicopters under Make in India.
In this regard, inter-governmental agreements (IGAs) were signed between both countries following talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin on the sidelines of the 8th BRICS Summit in Goa.
What is S-400 ‘Triumf’ Air Defence System?
- An S-400 ‘Triumf’ long-range air defence missile system is one of the most advanced long-range defence systems in the world. It is referred to as SA-21 Growler by NATO.
- It is an upgraded version of the S-300 defence system and is manufactured by Almaz-Antey. It has been in service in Russia since 2007.
- It is capable of firing three types of missiles. Thus, it creates a layered defence, and simultaneously engaging 36 targets.
- It has capability to destroy incoming all airborne targets at ranges of up to 400 km. With it, India can destroy Pakistani aircrafts even when they are in their airspace.
- The five S-400 systems will be operated by the Indian Air Force (IAF). India is the second export customer, after China to purchase this most advance defence system.
- Kamov 226T is a light multipurpose helicopter designed for work in difficult conditions like high mountains, hot climate and marine areas.
- It allows for reconnaissance, monitoring, targeting and transportation. It also boasts of incredibly precise hovering ability, excellent maneuverability and high safety standards.
- The helicopters will be made by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) with Russian cooperation under Make In India. It will replace the aging Cheetah and Chetak choppers.
- After induction, Kamov helicopters will operate at 20,000 feet and alsol help to maintain the forward posts on the Siachen glacier.
- India and Russia will built four stealth frigates which will be improved versions of Krivak or Talwar class stealth frigates
- Two frigates will be built in Russia and other two will be constructed at an Indian shipyard with Russian cooperation.