The Lok Sabha passed High Court and Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Amendment Bill, 2017 to hike the salaries of judges of the Supreme Court (SC) and High Courts (HCs).
The Bill seeks to amend HC Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Act, 1954; and SC Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Act, 1958. These Acts regulate salaries and conditions of service of judges of HCs and SC.
Key Features of Bill
Salary: The Bill proposes to hike the salary of Chief Justice of India (CJI) to Rs.2.80 lakh a month and that of judges of Supreme Court and Chief Justices of High Courts to Rs. 2.5 lakh a month. It increases salary of Judges of High Courts to Rs.2.25 lakh a month. The salary hike will come into force with effect from January 1, 2016.
Allowances: The Bill also seeks to revise this allowance with effect from September 22, 2017. The CJI will get allowance of Rs. 45,000 a month. Judges of Supreme Court and Chief Justices of High Courts will get allowance of Rs. 34000 a month. Judges of High Court will get allowance of Rs. 27000 a month.
Pension: The Bill seeks to revise the pension for judges under two categories mentioned in parent acts viz. if they have previously held pensionable post under central or state governments, or if they have not held any such post. It proposes pension of Rs. 16,80,000 per annum to CJI. Judges of the Supreme Court and Justice of High Court will get pension of Rs. 15,00,000 per annum.
The salary hike in line with recommendations of 7th Pay Commission for officers of all-India services. The CJI gets a higher amount than this while judges of High Courts get lesser amount. Moreover, these judges are provided with rent-free accommodation while they are in service.
The salaries and allowances CJI and Supreme Court judges are charged from Consolidated Fund of India. The salaries and allowances of state high court judges including chief justices are charged from Consolidated Fund of State. However, retired Judges are entitled to pension which is drawn from Consolidated Fund of India.