Samagra Shiksha scheme Current Affairs

Government launches Samagra Shiksha scheme to improve quality of school education

The Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) launched Samagra Shiksha scheme to improve quality of school education. The scheme aims at improving quality of education, enhancing learning outcomes and using technology to empower children and teachers. The scheme subsumes three existing schemes: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shikskha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE) to treat school education holistically, from pre-school to Class XII.

Samagra Shiksha scheme

Samagra Shiksha Scheme aims at unifiying learning from pre-school to class 12 levels by treating education holistically as continuum from pre-school to class 12. It encapsulates elements of previous scheme and focuses on digital education by giving emphasis on integration of two Ts – Teacher and Technology.

Objectives of scheme

  • Provision of quality education
  • Enhancing learning outcomes of students
  • Bridging social and gender gaps in school education
  • Promoting vocationalisation of education
  • Strengthening teacher education institutions like SCERTs and Diets to improve quality of teachers
  • Providing annual grant of Rs 5,000 to Rs 20,000 per school for strengthening of libraries

Significance

Samagra Shiksha is first integrated scheme extending unified support to states from pre-school to senior secondary levels. It is paradigm shift in conceptual design of school education by treating school holistically as continuum from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary and senior secondary levels.

The scheme builds on grade-wise, subject-wise Learning Outcomes and largest National Achievement Survey (NAS)-2017-18 to strategize district level interventions for improving quality of education. It will help to shift focus of student learning from content to competencies.

The scheme envisages active participation of all stakeholders especially parents, school management committee (SMC) members, community and state functionaries towards efforts to ensure quality education to children.

It also extends benefits of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya scheme, under which girls from disadvantaged sections are provided education with hostel facility from class 6-8 to class 6-12.

The scheme focuses on strengthening teachers, the crucial pillar of education system by making SCERTs and DIETs nodal agencies for teacher training. These institutions will be strengthened to emphasize integration of in-service and pre-service training structures in states to make it need-focused and dynamic. This will strengthen quality of teaching in schools across levels.

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