Sanitation Current Affairs - 2019
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The National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19 was conducted by an Independent Verification Agency under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen).
Findings of the Survey
- 93.1 per cent of households in rural India have access to toilets during the survey period and 96.5 per cent of those who had access to toilets uses them.
- The Survey re-confirmed the open defecation free (ODF) status of 90.7 per cent villages which were declared so by various districts and states and remaining villages also had sanitation coverage of about 93 per cent.
- 95.4 per cent of the villages surveyed were found to have minimal litter and minimal stagnant water.
Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin
As per the data from the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation which is the implementing ministry of Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin, about 500 million people have stopped defecating in the open. As a result, the number of people defecating in open is down from 550 million at the beginning of the programme to less than 50 million today.
Under the Swacch Bharat Mission Gramin, 9 crore toilets have been built across rural India under the Mission. Under the Mission over 5.5 lakh villages and 615 districts have been declared ODF, along with 30 ODF States and Union Territories.
Tags: Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation • National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey • National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey 2018-19 • Open Defecation Free • Rural India • Sanitation • Swachh Bharat Mission-Grameen
Union Government has inked $75 million loan agreement with Asian Development Bank (ADB) for Karnataka Integrated Urban Water Management Investment Program. Under it 24 x7 water supply will be provided in Karnataka’s four coastal towns of Kundapura, Mangalore Puttur and Udupi and improve sanitation infrastructure for Mangalore town. It will be tranche 2 loan agreement of this program.
Karnataka Integrated Urban Water Management Investment Program
It was approved by ADB Board in 2014. It aims to improve urban water resource management in selected river basins in Karnataka through modernization and expansion of urban water supply and sanitation infrastructure. It also seeks to strengthen institutions to improve water use efficiency, water resource planning, monitoring and service delivery. Tranche 1 loan of $75 million from ADB has helped to strengthen urban water supply and sanitation services in three other towns of state viz. Byadagi, Davangere, and Harihar.
The investment program will support coastal towns in Karnataka to provide continuous piped water supply to people and promote efficient and sustainable use of water. It will also adopt information technology (IT) based smart water management system and undertake community awareness programs on water conservation and demand management. It will also help urban local bodies to become efficient and responsive urban water utility service provider.
Tags: ADB • Asian Development Bank • Drinking Water • Integrated Urban Water Management Investment Program • Karnataka • National • Sanitation • Urban Services • Water supply and sanitation in India • Water supply and sanitation in Pakistan