Sanitation Current Affairs - 2020

GoI: Star Rating of Garbage Free Cities Released

On May 19, 2020, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs released star rating of garbage free cities for the year 2019-20.


Around 5 cities were given 5-star rating. This includes Ambikapur, Surat, Rajkot, Mysuru, Indore and Navi Mumbai. The ministry had given 3-star rating to 65 cities and 1-star rating to 70 cities.

About the rating

The rating system was launched by the Ministry in 2018. This was launched to provide a mechanism to achieve Garbage free status. Also, such a rating system will motivate cities to achieve higher cleanliness. The rating mainly focuses on solid waste management


The importance of effective solid waste management and sanitation has been brought to the forefront by the COVID-19 crisis. The solid waste management has been included in the second phase of Swachh Bharat Mission as well.

Apart from this, GoI launched Swachh Survekshan to survey cleanliness of the country. The Swachh Survekshan ranked the cities based on their cleanliness. However, in the ranking system despite of their good performance some cities could not be recognized properly. Thus, the rating protocol was launched.


The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has provided health checkups, PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) and also payment of regular wages to sanitation workers.

Supreme Court directions on welfare of Migrant workers

The Ministry of Home Affairs has directed the states and union territories to take welfare measures for migrants in the country based on directions of Supreme court.


The central government recently extended the lock down by demarcating the country into red, orange and green zones based on the intensity of the disease in the region. However, the migrants are to be kept in camps.

Earlier, the government had restricted the movement of migrant workers who intended to shift to their home towns.

Directions of Supreme Court

The apex court had directed to provide adequate medical facilities and arrangement for food, sanitation and clean drinking water. Also, the court directed that group leaders belonging to all faiths should visit camps to deal with the consternation faced by the migrants.

Migrant Workers

There are more than 9 million migrant workers in the country. They constitute to 30% of national population. The Inter-State Migrant Workers Act, 1979 aims to safeguard migrants in the country.