Sanskrit language Current Affairs - 2020

The Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2019 introduced

On March 2, 2020, the HRD Minister introduced the Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2019 in Rajya Sabha. It was introduced in Lok Sabha in December 2019 and was passed.

Key Features of the Bill

The bill aims to convert deemed Sanskrit universities to central Sanskrit universities. They are Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi, Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, Tirupati and Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, New Delhi.

The Universities will work towards promoting the knowledge of Sanskrit, train manpower in preservation of Sanskrit and other allied subjects and also make provisions for integrated courses in social sciences, humanities and sciences.

Powers and Functions

The Powers and Functions of the universities are as follows

  • To prescribe courses of study and conduct training programmes
  • To provide facilities through distant education programmes
  • To confer autonomous status on college and institutions.

Authorities of the Universities

The Universities will also have a court to review policies, an executive council that will create academic posts and appoint teaching faculties. It will also hold a board of studies that will approve research subjects.

Union HRD Ministry forms N Gopalaswami Committee on Sanskrit Promotion

The Union Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry has constituted a 13 member expert committee exclusively on Sanskrit in its attempt to revive interest in the ancient Indian classical language Sanskrit.

The expert committee would be headed by former chief election commissioner (CEC) N Gopalaswami. He is currently, Chancellor of Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth (RSV) in Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh.

Other members of the Committee: Bibek Debroy (NITI Aayog member), Chairman of National Skill Development Corporation Dr Ramadorai, V V Bhat,  Delhi University professor Ramesh Bharadwaj, Chamu Krishna Shastri, UGC Chairman Ved Prakash.

Terms of Reference of Committee

  • Recommend measures to integrate the study of the ancient classical language with other disciplines such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, medical science and law.
  • Suggest changes in Sanskrit education in schools and universities and ways to impart Sanskrit education through modern tools.

The N Gopalaswami expert Committee also has been tasked to chart out an action plan to develop the language in the next 10 years.

This is the second committee set up by the Union HRD ministry exclusively dedicated to Indian classical language Sanskrit.

The first was 13-member Sanskrit Commission headed by Satya Vrat Shastri was constituted by then UPA-II government for broader promotion of classical languages.