Sardar Vallabhai Patel Current Affairs - 2020

Retired IAS Officer Sanjay Kothari appointed as Central Vigilance Commissioner

On April 25, 2020, retired IAS officer Sanjay Kothari was sworn in as the Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) at Rashtrapati Bhavan. He was sworn in by President Ram Nath Kovind.


Mr Kothari acted as the secretary to the President of India. He was replaced by Mr Kapil Dev Tripathi on April 20, 2020. Mr Tripathi is a 1980 batch IAS officer. He was appointed as CVC in February, 2020.

About CVC appointment

Mr Sanjay Kothari was recommended by a high-level selection panel. The panel was headed by Prime Minister. The CVC is appointed by President based on the recommendation of the committee. The committee consists of Leader of Opposition, Minister of Home Affairs.

Role of CVC

The Central Vigilance Commissioner carries out corruption investigations against government officials. However, such investigations can be carried out only after permission of the Government. The CVC cannot direct the CBI officials to initiate inquiries. The CVC does not have powers to register criminal cases, rather can deal only with vigilance and disciplinary cases.

Vigilance Awareness Week

The Vigilance Awareness Week is celebrated every year in the last week of October. This is because it coincides with the birthday of Sardar Vallabhai Patel.

April 21: Civil Services Day

Every year, India celebrates Civil Service Day on April 21. The main aim of celebrating the day is to motivate the efforts and works of civil servants.


On the Civil Service Day, India rewards various officers with Prime Minister’s Awards for Excellence in Public Administration. The awards work as an inspiration to the civil servants.

The awards are presented in three categories. The category 1 that includes hill states and North Eastern States. The Category 2 includes 7 Union Territories. The Category 3 includes the rest of 18 states.

Why April 21?

Every year April 21 is celebrated as Civil Services Day. It was on this day in 1947, Shri Sardar Vallabhai Patel addressed the first batch probationers of Administrative Services. However, the day was celebrated for the first time in 2006.


According to Sardar Vallabhai Patel, Civil Servants are the backbone of Indian economy. They work tirelessly towards smooth functioning of public administration. Their responsibilities are towards executing the policies of the ruling party and not with the party itself.