Satellite Technology Current Affairs - 2020

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DRDO displays A-SAT weapon system at Republic Day Parade

On January 26, 2020, the Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO) displayed the A-SAT weapon system. A-SAT is the Anti-Satellite Weapon System. India is one of the few countries in the world to own the technology. The other countries include US, China and Russia.

Highlights

DRDO launched “Mission Shakti”, the first A-SAT mission. The mission demonstrated anti-satellite technology. The mission destroyed a live orbiting satellite at the Low Earth Orbit. The mission used a missile at a speed of 11 km per second to destroy the satellite.

The technology used in the A-SAT mission was named by India as “hit to kill” technology. The covert technology was developed by India. It enables to destroy enemy satellite with 10-centi metre accuracy.

International Treaty

India is a signatory of the international treaty on space, the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. According to the treaty, mass destruction of weapons in outer space are alone prohibited.

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ISRO sets up Space Technology Cells in premier institutions

The Indian Space Research Organization will set up five Space Technology Cells at the premier institutes in order to carry out research activities. It includes IISc, IITs in Kharagpur, Bombay, Madras and Kanpur.

Space Technology cell

The Technology cells will consist of professors and scholars associated with the institute. Under the programme, the experts will conduct space technology research and applications.

Currently, such a joint programme is being implemented by IIT-Roorke, DRDO and ISRO on “Thin Membrane-based technology to develop parachutes for fighter aircraft”. The STCs are in functioning for more than three decades

RESPOND Programme

The Space Technology cells were established under RESPOND Programme that was started in 1970s. Under this programme the STCs were installed across various premier institutions. The projects run for stipulated time period. New cells are formed after the completion of time period of the project.

Under the programme, the cells develop propulsion systems design and optimization, rocket and satellite technology, aerodynamics and heat transfer related problems.

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