Saudi Arabia Current Affairs - 2019
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For the first time, Qatar has deployed ground troops in Yemen to counter the Shia Houthi rebels who have taken over the country.
In this regard, Qatar has deployed around one thousand ground troops, supported by armoured vehicles and military helicopters in Marib province of Yemen.
Earlier in March 2015, Qatar along with other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members (expect Oman) had signed a joint statement with Saudi Arabia to form coalition in order to take military action against the rebels in order to bring regional stability in the Gulf region.
Yemeni Crisis: Background
- Yemeni Crisis began after security situation in the country deteriorated after the Shia Houthis rebels had seized power by dissolving Yemen’s government and parliament in January 2015.
- The rebels have taken the control of key government buildings in Yemen’s capital Sanaa including Presidential Palace.
- The conflict in the country is mainly between Yemeni government along with their allies, southern separatist’s forces loyal to the government of Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, Houthi forces and forces loyal to the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh.
- Saudi Arabia led coalition includes gulf countries like United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain and Kuwait (all GCC members). While, United States is providing logistical and intelligence support.
Prince Saud al-Faisal, former foreign minister of Saudi Arabia passed away in United States. He was 75.
He was the Saudi kingdom’s foreign minister for 4 decades (from 1975 to 2015). He had retired in April 2015 and was succeeded by Adel al-Jubeir.
He had served under four Saudi kings and had advanced the kingdom’s foreign policy, especially after the 9/11 attacks in US. It should be noted that he was world’s longest-serving foreign minister.
His tenure as foreign minister has seen various extreme events in Middle-East such as
- Invasion of Lebanon by Israel (1978, 1982 and 2006).
- Eruption of Palestinian intifadas (1987 and 2000).
- Invasion of Iran by Iraq (1980).
- Invasion of Kuwait by Iraq (1990).
- Occupation of Iraq by a US-led coalition (2003).
Saud al-Faisal was son of King Faisal and was born on 2 January 1940 in Taif near Mecca. In the 1960s, he started his career as consultant for Petroleum Ministry of Saudi Kingdom.