Scheduled Castes Current Affairs - 2019
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The Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has cleared the ordinance for the Reservation Roster for University Teachers.
What was the issue?
Following an order by the Allahabad high court in April 2017, the University Grants Commission had announced in March last year that an individual department should be considered as the base unit to calculate the number of teaching posts to be reserved for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes candidates.
This order of UGC led to a series of protests. The protestors were demanding the restoration of the 200-point roster and the government had filed a review petition against the verdict of the Allahabad High Court which was dismissed by the Supreme Court. The ordinance has been brought in by the Supreme Court to nullify the verdict of the Supreme Court.
What is the 200-point Roster System?
200 point roster system is a roster system for faculty positions that includes 99 posts reserved for the SC, ST and OBC communities and 101 posts for the unreserved. Under this roster, in case there is a deficit of reserved seats in one department, it could be compensated by more people from the reserved communities in other departments in the university. It considers college or university as a unit for reservation in teaching posts.
Whereas under the new 13 point roster proposed by the UGC, an individual department should be considered as the base unit to calculate the number of teaching posts to be reserved for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes candidates. This system had drawbacks for small departments of the university or college. Also, the 200 point roster system provided an advantage wherein the deficit in reservation in one department could be compensated by other departments. The government has brought an ordinance to restore the 200-point roster system.
The Government of India, the State Government of Chhattisgarh and the World Bank signed a $25.2 Million Loan Agreement to support the State’s Reforms in Expenditure Management under Chhattisgarh Public Financial Management and Accountability Program.
Chhattisgarh Public Financial Management and Accountability Program
- The reforms encompass Expenditure Planning, Investment Management, Budget Execution, Public Procurement and Accountability.
- The programme will help the state of Chhattisgarh to strengthen its Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) and Tax Administration Systems.
- The programme will build the capacity of the State’s Human Resources and the Institutions Handling Management of Public Finances.
- The World Bank will also facilitate cross-learning from Public Financial Management (PFM) Reforms undertaken by it in the other Indian States while bringing in global experiences.
- Improvements in Public Financial Management is a key step for achieving the development potential of the state. Improvements will ensure that the State can invest more and with greater efficiency, for it’s poor and vulnerable.
- The programme which focuses on IT solutions will benefit almost 11,000 Village Panchayats and 168 Urban Municipalities in the State.
About 92 per cent households in the State of Chhattisgarh belongs to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. The Direct Benefit Transfers (DBTs) is being increasingly used by the Central and State Governments to channel resources to households and individuals. The Programme will support the development of systems that will facilitate inter-departmental data interaction under secured protocols and automate most of the processing and payment of DBTs in the State. Thus enhancing the efficiency of the system.
Tags: accountability • Budget Execution • Chhattisgarh • Chhattisgarh Public Financial Management and Accountability Program • DBT • Direct Benefit Transfer • Expenditure Planning • Investment Management • Other Backward Classes • Public Procurement • Scheduled Castes • Scheduled Tribes