School Current Affairs - 2020

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana: Coir Geo Textiles approved for rural road construction

Under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, the Coir Geo Textiles are to be used in rural road development. This is to be done by the National Rural Infrastructure Development Agency.

Coir Geotextiles

They are made of coir and last up to 3 to 5 years. The coir geotextiles degrades into humus. This enriches the soil.

Geotextiles

Geo Textiles are permeable fabrics that have the ability to filter, separate, reinforce, drain and protect. They are made from polypropylene.

Geotextiles are used to protect fossil foot prints. In combination with steel wire fencing the geotextiles can contain explosive debris in building demolition. They help to strengthen soil at lower cost. Geo textiles are used to secure slopes.

Their main applications are in the civil engineering industry. They are used in airfields, embankments, reservoirs, canals, dams, silt fences, etc. They have widened uses in erosion control, especially in hill slopes.

Geo textile sand bags are also used in forming artificial reefs.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana III

The Phase III of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana was launched in December 2019. It focuses on consolidation of 1,25,000 km of routes. It mainly includes major rural links. The aim is to connect the Gramin Agricultural markets, hospitals and higher secondary schools.

India to provide 107.01 million Nepali rupees for construction of schools in Nepal

On March 16, 2020, India signed Memorandum of Understanding with Nepal for construction of new schools in the country. Under the MoU, India is to provide 107.01 million Nepali rupees.

Highlights

India as an initial step of the agreement handed over a cheque of 8 lakh rupees (INR). The India-Nepal Development Partnership Programme is to construct the schools. The Kapilavastu District Coordination Committee will also help in the construction.

District Coordination Committee

The DCC is a district-level authority found in Nepal. The committee acts as a link between provincial assembly and rural municipalities. The committee members are elected by the district assembly for a term of five years. Every district committee has 9 members.

In India, the executives are the links. The Government schemes are implemented by the collector of the district.

India-Nepal

India and Nepal have century old relationship that connects them culturally, economically, socially and religiously. The India-Nepal relations began in 1950 with a Treaty of Friendship and peace signed between the countries.

Recent irritants between India and Nepal

Both Nepal and India claim a region called “Kalapani” as part of their country. In November 2019, India’s new political map including Kalapani created controversies. The Ministry of Home Affairs published the new map after dissolving special status of Kashmir and splitting Himalayan region into two union territories.

Kalapani

Kalapani is in the state of Uttarakhand. The state shares 80 km of porous border with Nepal.

Also, in 2015, Nepal accused India for imposing border blockade. This crippled the land locked nation as 90% of its imports and exports happened through India and its ports. This mainly includes Kolkata and Vishakhapatnam.