Science and Technolgy Current Affairs - 2020
Technology giant Microsoft has launched its first full-scale Cybersecurity Engagement Center (CSEC) in Delhi.
It is first-of-its-kind Cybersecurity Centre in India and overall 7th in the world including in Tokyo, Seoul, Beijing, Singapore, Berlin and Washington DC.
- The CSEC will bring together Microsoft capabilities to foster deeper Cybersecurity collaborations with public and private sector organisations.
- The centre will also build a trusted and secure computing environment, a critical enabler for India’s digital transformation.
- The CESC will offer their expertise and work with partners to detect and take evasive measures to tackle cyber threats in India.
- The centre is a part of Microsoft Consultancy Services (MCS), a dedicated response team based in India that will offer security consultancy services to business organisations.
- It will offer services such as cyber monitoring, threat detection using machine learning based technology and take evasive measures to combat cyber threat.
Tags: Cybersecurity • Microsoft • National • Science and Technolgy
Researchers from Kolkata based Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) have produced cost-effective, metal-free cathodes using human hair for use in solar cells.
Significance: This is the first instance where a bio-waste-derived electrode (in this case human hair) has been used as cathode in a quantum dot sensitised solar cell device.
- IISER researchers have developed graphitic porous carbon cathode by cleaning and drying human hair and treating with sulphuric acid to achieve precarbonisation.
- It was then heated at different temperatures in the presence of inert gas for six hours to carbonise and bring better electrical conductivity for efficient charge transfer.
- This efficient green cathode achieves highly catalytic graphitic porous carbon stage at optimum temperature of 850 degrees C.
- Producing graphitic porous carbon cathode using human hair is simple, quick and inexpensive. It has potential to bring down the cost of solar cells.
- The bio-waste-derived cathode has higher efficiency to convert visible sunlight to electricity. It also enhances the power conversion efficiencies.
- It generates high open-circuit voltage compared to conventional platinum and activated carbon cathodes.
- It is metal-free cathode, while commonly used cathode is made of platinum metal and metal sulfides.