Science and Technology Current Affairs

CarbFix Project: World’s first negative emissions carbon-capture plant begins operations in Iceland

The world’s first negative emissions plant under the CarbFix Project to turn atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) into stone has begun operations in Hellisheidi, Iceland. It is intended to lock away carbon dioxide by reacting it with basaltic rocks. Work on the project began in 2007.

CarbFix Project

In it, the CO2 is captured from ambient air, bound to water, and sent to more than 700 meters underground. There, the CO2 reacts with the basaltic bedrock using enhanced weathering process and forms solid minerals, creating a permanent storage solution.

Currently, the system captures only 50 metric tons CO2, each year, about same emitted by a single US household. It can remove an estimated 50 metric tons of CO2 from the air in a year. It pumps the collected gas deep into the island’s volcanic bedrock, where it reacts with basalt and essentially turns into limestone.


World’s largest combustion research centre inaugurated at IIT Madras

National Centre for Combustion Research and Development (NCCRD) was inaugurated at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Madras in Tamil Nadu. It is world’s largest combustion research centre and one of best diagnostic centres in the country to understand combustion.

National Centre for Combustion Research and Development (NCCRD)

NCCRD is supported by state-run Science and Engineering Research Board (SERN) of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Ministry of Science and Technology. It has been established at a total cost of Rs 90 crore. It will develop state-of-the-art capabilities in combustion research involving experts in the country.

NCCRD’s research interests will cover automotive, thermal power and aerospace propulsion, besides fire research and microgravity combustion to minor extent. It will provide impetus to research in ‘Alternative Energy and Environmental Protection’ by focusing on effective utilisation of combustion as means of thermo-chemical energy conversion.

NCCRD has been set up as nodal centre in region and any institute and industry can work with it as it is totally IT-enabled and possess a strong simulation facility. Many industrial and R&D organisations like Mahindra, Shell, BHEL, ISRO, DRDO (DRDL, GTRE, CFEES), TVS, AVL, GAIL, GE, NAL, Forbes-Marshall, Siemens, Thermax, Cummins, Tata Power etc are working closely with NCCRD.

NCCRD will impart major boost to Indian scientific community. It will play a pivotal role in making sure that India has access to latest technologies in all these areas. Its intention is to make it knowledge base in areas like combustion, gasification, propulsion and automotive sectors.