Science and Technology Current Affairs

Scientists develop smart bandage to promote better, faster healing

Scientists from US have developed a smart bandage that can precisely control dose and delivery schedule of medication tailored for a specific type of wound, leading to faster healing.

This is the first bandage that is capable of dose-dependent drug release and can be used to heal chronic wounds or battlefield injuries. Moreover, this platform can be applied to many different areas of biomedical engineering and medicine.

Smart Bandage

The smart bandage consists of electrically conductive fibres coated in a gel that can be individually loaded with infection-fighting antibiotics, painkillers, tissue-regenerating growth factors or other medications. It has microcontroller having size of postage stamp, which can be triggered by smartphone or other wireless device. When it is triggered, microcontroller sends small amounts of voltage through a chosen fibre which heats fibre and its hydrogel, releasing whatever cargo it contains.

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US approves first test to screen Zika virus in donated blood

United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved ‘Cbas Zika test’ for detecting Zika virus in donated blood. It is first of kind test approved by FDA for detecting Zika virus in donated blood.

The cobas Zika test is manufactured by Roche Molecular Systems Inc. It is intended for use by blood collection establishments to detect Zika virus in blood donations and not for individual diagnosis of Zika virus infection.

Cobas Zika test

It is qualitative nucleic acid test for detection of Zika virus RNA in individual plasma specimens obtained from volunteer donors of whole blood and blood components and from living organ donors. It has shown more than 99% clinical specificity, in earlier evaluation for testing individual samples from blood donations at five external laboratories

Zika virus

Zika virus is vector borne disease transmitted primarily by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, the same mosquito that transmits dengue. It can also spread through blood transfusion and sexual contact.

The virus is capable of causing serious birth defects i.e. neurological disorders and foetal deformation known as Microcephaly in which infants are born with abnormally smaller heads. Besides a possible link between virus and Guillain-Barré syndrome (a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks part of the nervous system) is also suspected.

There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available to treat Zika. The best form of prevention is protection against mosquito bites and clearing stagnant water where mosquitoes breed.

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