Scientist Current Affairs - 2020

PM Modi: 5 DRDO laboratories dedicated to nation

On January 2, 2020, PM Modi will dedicate five DRDO laboratories to the country. The laboratories are for young scientists to boost their research capabilities.

Highlights

PM Modi will inaugurate the laboratories during his 2-day visit to Bengaluru. The labs will act as a platform to identify young scientists up to the age of 35 years. DRDO will also exhibit some of its innovative products to the PM during his visit. The event is to be conducted at the Aeronautical Development Establishment, DRDO. During the event PM will also release the fourth instalments of PM Kisan Samman Nidhi. The scheme was launched at national level based upon the success of Rythu Bandhu scheme in Telangana.

Significance

The laboratories involving young scientists will ensure that India remains forefront in advancements in the domain.

DRDO

There are over 52 Defence Research Development Organization Laboratories in the country. They are engaged in fields such as developing missiles, aeronautics, armaments, land combating engineering, etc. The organization operates under Ministry of Defence.

The aim of the organization is to reduce the reliance of India on defence imports. Today India imports over 45% to 50% of its defence products.

There are numerous successful DRDO products being used by Indian military. It includes LCA Tejas fighter jets, Nag Missile, Brahmos missile, ASTRA, ASAT, Electronic Warfare Technologies, etc.

Gagandeep Kang awarded Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS), UK

Gagandeep Kang becomes first Indian woman scientist to be awarded Fellowship of the Royal Society (FRS), United Kingdom.

Gagandeep Kang

  • She is a clinician scientist, who is well known for her key role in development of Rotavac. She currently appointed as executive director of Translational Health Science and Technology Institute (THSTI), Faridabad, which is an autonomous institute of Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • In 2016, she was conferred prestigious Infosys Prize in Life Sciences for her contributions in understanding natural history of rotavirus and other infectious diseases.
  • She is also first Indian and first woman to edit Manson’s Textbook of Tropical Medicine.

Rotavac

It is India’s first indigenously developed vaccine for rotavirus infections, which is responsible for childhood diarrhea. The Rotavac was developed by Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech Limited and Pune-based Serum International also developed a rotavirus vaccine called Rabishield. Both of them are included in India’s Immunisation Programme.

In January 2018, World Health Organisation (WHO) “pre-qualified” the Rotavac vaccine, which means that vaccine could be sold internationally to other countries in Africa and South America.

Fellowship of the Royal Society

It is the oldest scientific academy in continuous existence since 1663. It is an award sponsored by Royal Society of London and also known as FRS, ForMemRS and HonFRS. It is granted to individuals who made substantial contribution to improvement of natural knowledge in fields of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science, and medical science.

It has been awarded to many eminent scientists approximately 8000 in total with 1675 living right now, including Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, Michael Faraday, Ernest Rutherford, Srinivasa Ramanujan, Albert Einstein, Winston Churchill etc.