Scientist Current Affairs - 2020
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Eminent Indian physicist Dr Parameswaran Hariharan passed away in California, United States. He was 89.
- Hariharan had contributed in various researches including in the design of a new 3-beam interferometer, first practical radial-shear interferometer and double passed Fabry-Perot interferometer.
- He was also the first physicist to apply digital phase-shifting techniques to holographic interferometry in order to measure strains and vector displacements.
- He had developed multicolour rainbow holograms and improvised multicolour reflection holograms.
- In his entire career, Dr. Hariharan had authored 4 books and published more than 200 research papers.
- Hariharan was born on December 24, 1926. He was the son of Professor H. P. Waran (H. Parameswaran) of Presidency College and the son-in-law of Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer.
- He worked at New Delhi based National Physical Laboratory (NPL) from 1949 to 1951 and at the Ottawa based National Research Council (NRC) from 1951- 1954.
- He had received a PhD (doctorate) for his work on photographic resolving power.
Awards: Joseph Fraunhofer Medal of the Optical Society of America, Walter Boas Medal of the Australian Institute of Physics and Thomas Young Medal of the Institute of Physics, London.
Tags: Current Affairs 2016 • Obituary • Persons in News • Physicist • Scientist
Dr. Srivari Chandrasekhar was appointed Director of CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) a premier research institute of Union Government based in Hyderabad, Telangana.
He was named appointed to the top post by Prime Minister Narendra Modi who is ex-officio Chairman of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) functioning under Union Ministry of Science and Technology.
Dr. Chandrasekhar had joined IICT as a Junior Research Fellow in 1986. He was promoted to the level of Chief Scientist in 2010. Since 2010 he is leading Natural Products Chemistry, one of the largest groups at the IICT.
He has made significant contributions in diverse areas of organic chemistry with a special emphasis total synthesis of biologically active natural products, on chiral chemistry and pharmaceutical products.
Dr. Chandrasekhar He also has developed technologies for synthesis of latest anti-tumor and abortive drug mesoprostol, anti-tuberculosis drug bedaquiline and drug for treatment of schizophrenia asenapine etc. Apart from above contributions, he also has more than 250 publications with 5,000 citations to his credit.
Tags: Chemistry • CSIR • Current Affairs 2016 • Persons in News • Scientist