Second World War Current Affairs - 2020

May 8-9: Time of Remembrance and Reconciliation for Those who Lost their Lives during Second World War

Every year during May 8-9, the United Nations marks the Time of Remembrance and reconciliation for those who lost their lives during Second World War. This is being marked as the historic event paved way for the establishment of the United Nations. Also, the day pays tribute to all the victims of Second World War.

Highlights

The day was declared in 2004 as was commemorated by the United Nations since then. However, the UN urged the NGOs, its member countries and other organizations to join the commemoration of the day through a resolution that was passed in 2010.

VE Day and VJ Day

VE Day is called the Victory in Europe Day. The day is widely marked in Europe on May 8. This year the 75th anniversary is being commemorated to end hostilities in Europe. The day signifies the end combat operations in Germany, Greece, Scandinavia, Balkan states and Italy.

The date, however, is not the official end of second world war. This is because, Japan did not surrender till August 15, 1945.

The day Japan surrendered is marked as Victory in the Pacific Day. The day is also called the Victory over Japan Day or VJ Day.

COVID-19: Hike in Dearness Allowance for the year 2021 put on hold

The Government of India on April 23, 2020, put on hold to the hike in dearness allowance. This is being done by the union government to save Rs 1 lakh crore.

Highlights

The hold in the hike of dearness allowance applies only to central government employees and pensioners. Currently, the central government employees are receiving Dearness Allowance at 17% of their salary. The Government had planned to increase the allowance by 4%.

What is Dearness allowance?

Dearness Allowance is received by pensioners and government employees. The DA is revised twice every year in the month of July and January. The allowance is provided to the employees and pensioners to compensate inflation.

Around 8.5% of the Union Budget is used as salaries to the central government employees.

History

The concept of Dearness Allowance was introduced during World War II. In India the Dearness Allowance was introduced as Old Textile allowance in 1947. It was then reintroduced as Revised Textile Allowance in 1953. DA was first linked to wage revision of employees. It was later linked to the Consumer Price Index.