Securities and Exchange Board of India Current Affairs - 2020
The National Stock Exchange(NSE) has appointed Girish Chandra Chaturvedi as its new chairman. His appointment comes following the approval of markets regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The NSE chairman was lying vacant since January 2019 when then incumbent Chairman of NSE Ashok Chawla resigned in the middle of charges of corruption in Aircel-Maxis case. The Aircel-Maxis is a case of alleged corruption in grant of Foreign Investment and Promotion Board (FIPB) clearance in Aircel-Maxis deal.
About Girish Chandra Chaturvedi
He is a former bureaucrat who retired from Indian Administrative Services (IAS) in January 2013 as Secretary, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas. He is currently on board of ICICI Bank and member of government appointed board of Infrastructure Leasing and Financial Services Ltd (IL&FS). In past, he has also served as Director (Government Nominee) on Boards of Canara Bank, IDBI Bank Ltd, Bank of Baroda, IDFC Ltd, GIC Re of India, United India Insurance Co. Ltd, Agriculture Insurance Co. of India, New India Assurance Co. Ltd, National Insurance Academy and Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS).
Tags: Aircel-Maxis case • FIPB • Girish Chandra Chaturvedi • National Stock Exchange • NSE
As per a written reply given by Union Finance Minister Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman in Lok Sabha, the number of wilful defaulters in nationalised banks has increased by more than 60% to 8,582 in five years to March 2019.
The Finance Minister provided the written reply in Lok Sabha to a question asked that whether the cases of willful defaulters of banks have increased during the past five years.
Wilful Defaulter is an entity or a person that has not paid the loan taken back to the bank despite having the ability to repay it. Wilful defaulters are acted against comprehensively.
Data Provided by Government:
By end of fiscal year 2014-15, the figure of wilful defaulters in nationalised banks stood at 5,349, and since then the number of such borrowers has been consistently rising- with being 6,575 (2015-16), 7,079 (2016-17), 7,535 (2017-18) and now increased to 8,582 in 2018-2019 fiscal.
During the last 5 financial years about ₹7,654 crore has been recovered from wilful defaulters’ accounts.
Steps Taken By Government
As per data reported by 17 nationalised banks in India, till 31 March 2019, suits for recovery have been filed in 8,121 cases out of 8,582.
SARFAESI Act: In cases involving secured assets, action under provisions of SARFAESI Act (Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Securities Interest Act, 2002) has been initiated in 6,251 cases.
RBI Instructions: As per the instructions provided by Reserve Bank of India (RBI), wilful defaulters are not sanctioned any additional facilities by banks/financial institutions, their unit is debarred from floating new ventures for 5 year and even criminal proceedings are initiated wherever necessary. In accordance with this FIRs have been registered in 2,915 cases.
SEBI Regulations: Besides, vide Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) regulations, wilful defaulters and companies who has with wilful defaulters as either promoters or directors have been debarred from accessing capital markets to raise funds.
IBC 2016: The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), 2016 has debarred wilful defaulters from participating in insolvency resolution process.
FEO Act 2018: The government has enacted Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018 for effective action against wilful defaulters who flee Indian jurisdiction. It provides for attachment and confiscation of property of fugitive offenders and to disentitle them from defending any civil claim.
PSBs: Government has also advised all Public Sector Banks (PSB) to decide on publishing photographs of all concerned wilful defaulters and to obtain certified copy of passport of promoters/directors and other authorised signatories of companies availing loans of over ₹50 crore. The heads of PSBs have also been empowered to request for issuance of look out circulars (LoC) against wilful defaulters.