Security Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Goa Maritime Conclave, 2019

The Goa Maritime Conclave was inaugurated by the National Security Advisor of India Sri. Ajith Kumar.

Theme of the conclave: Common Maritime Priorities in IOR and need for Regional Maritime Strategy

The Conclave was held under three sessions. It focused on capacity building of IOR (Indian Ocean Region) Navies to encounter emerging maritime threats

Why is IOR important?

The Indian Ocean Region is rich in tin, gold, uranium, cobalt, aluminum, nickel and cadmium. 80% of world’s sea borne trade transits through India Ocean Region. The waters are home to continually evolving strategic development that include India and China, Islamist terrorism, increase in incidence of piracy, potential nuclear confrontation between India and Pakistan, etc.

US has deployed many of its Combined Task Forces to safeguard oil flow in the region. France makes its significance presence with its naval bases at Abi Dhabi and Djibouti.

Why is IOR important to India?

India imports about 70% of oil through this region. India has its listening posts in Seychelles, Mauritius and Madagascar. Maldives is co – opted as part of India’s southern Naval command.

With China’s String of Pearl strategy to surround India, it is essential for India to strengthen its presence in the IOR.

Maritime Threats

  • Maritime Terrorism – Explosives are smuggled through the region. The Mumbai serial blasts in 1993 and infiltration of 10 Pakistani terrorists were executed by using sea routes. The 2008 Mumbai attack also proved how vulnerable the coasts are
  • Piracy – Somalia and Gulf of Aden are predominantly attacked by pirates. The attacks were in their peaks between 2005 and 2012.
  • Smuggling and human Trafficking
  • Illegal Migration, Infiltration and Refugee Influx

Choke points of IOR

Straits of Hormuz, Bab – el Mandeb and Malacca are considered as choke points of the Indian Ocean Region.

Pakistan test-fires nuclear-capable ballistic missile Ghaznavi

Pakistan successfully conducted night training launch of hypersonic surface-to-surface ballistic missile Hatf-III Ghaznavi from Sonmiani test range in Balochistan.

About Hatf-III Ghaznavi Missile

It is “Scud” type short range surface-to-surface hypersonic ballistic missile. It is named after 11th century Muslim Turkic conqueror Mahmud of Ghazni. It has been designed and developed by Pakistan’s missile developer- National Development Complex. Its design is believed to be influenced from Chinese design, M-11 (NATO reporting name: CSS-7). It had entered in service with Pakistan Army in 2012.

Features: It has length of 9.64m, diameter of 0.99 m, launch weight of 5256 kg. It is powered by single stage solid fuel rocket motor. It is capable of delivering multiple types of warheads (both nuclear and conventional warheads) upto range of 290 km.

Kashmir Connection with this test

The launch of missile coincides with Pakistan’s scaled-up effort to internationalise the Kashmir issue after India abrogated provisions of Article 370 of the Constitution to withdraw Jammu and Kashmir’s special status and bifurcated it into two Union Territories.  It is also seen as part of two-pronged effort to internationalise Kashmir issue at both military and diplomatic levels, and for impact, raise spectre of nuclear war between the two countries.

In protest to India’s decision to end Jammu and Kashmir’s special status Pakistan has downgraded diplomatic ties with India and also had expelled Indian High Commissioner. It also suspended its trade with India and stopped train and bus services. India has categorically notified international community that repealing of temporary provision of Article 370 was internal matter and also advised Pakistan to accept the reality.

India’s Shaurya missile: DRDO is developing similar missile to Pakistan Hatf-III Ghaznavi Missile for Indian. It is short-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile, Shaurya. It is capable of carrying different types of warhead (including both nuclear and conventional) weighing around one-tonne at hypersonic speed up to 600km range.